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Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg
Landgrafschaft Hesse-Homburg
House of Lorraine-Brabant
Hesse-Homburg was formed into a separate landgraviate in 1622 by the landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt to be ruled by his son, although it did not become independent of Hesse-Darmstadt until 1668. It was briefly divided into Hesse-Homburg and Hesse-Homburg-Bingenheim; but these parts were again united in 1681. In 1806, Hesse-Homburg was incorporated with Hesse-Darmstadt; but in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna the latter state was compelled to recognize the independence of Hesse-Homburg, which was increased by the addition of Meisenhelm. The landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg consisted of two parts, the district of Homburg on the right side of the Rhine, and the district of Meisenheim, added in 1815, on the left side of the same river.

In 1866, Hesse-Homburg was inherited by the grand-duke of Hesse-Darmstadt, while Meisenheim fell to Prussia. Later that same year these territories were taken from Hesse-Darmstadt again, and the former landgraviate was combined with electorate of Hesse-Kassel, duchy of Nassau, and the free city of Frankfurt to form the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau. Today it forms a part of the German state of Hesse.


History of the House of Hesse

The House of Hesse is a European royal dynasty from the region of Hesse, originally and still formally the House of Brabant,The origins of the House of Hesse begin with the marriage of Sophie of Thuringia, daughter of Louis IV, Landgrave of Thuringia and Elizabeth of Hungary with Henry II, Duke of Brabant from the House of Reginar. Sophie was the heiress of Hesse which she passed on to her son, Henry upon her retention of the territory following her partial victory in the War of the Thuringian Succession in which she was one of the belligerents.

Originally the western part of the Landgraviate of Thuringia, in the mid 13th century it was inherited by the younger son of Henry II, Duke of Brabant, and became a distinct political entity. From the late 16th century it was generally divided into several branches, the most important of which were those of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Hesse-Darmstadt. In the early 19th century the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel was elevated to Elector of Hesse (1803), while the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt became the Grand Duke of Hesse (1806), later Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine. Electoral Hesse (Hesse-Kassel) was annexed by Prussia in 1866, while Grand Ducal Hesse (Hesse-Darmstadt) as lasted until the end of the German monarchies in 1918. Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse is the current (2012) head of the house.

The Branches of the House of Hesse

Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse, died in 1567. Hesse was divided between his four sons, four new lines which arose: Hesse-Darmstadt, Hesse-Kassel, Hesse-Marburg and Hesse-Rheinfels. The line of Hesse-Darmstadt was also part of the morganatic line of the Battenberg family when Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine married to Countess Julia Hauke. The Battenbergs who later settled in England changed that name to Mountbatten after World War I.

  • House of Brabant
    • Hesse (1264-1567)
      • Hesse-Darmstadt (1567-1918), became Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1806
        • Hesse-Butzbach (1609-1642)
        • Hesse-Braubach (1609-1651)
        • Hesse-Homburg (1622-1866)
        • Hesse-Itter (1661-1676)
        • Battenberg (1858, morganatic line. Mountbatten since 1917)
      • Hesse-Kassel (1567-1866), became Electorate of Hesse in 1803
        • Hesse-Rotenburg (1627-1834)
        • Hesse-Wanfried (1627-1755)
        • Hesse-Rheinfels (1627-1754)
        • Hesse-Philippsthal (1685-1866)
          • Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (1721-1866)
      • Hesse-Marburg (1567, divided in 1604 between Hesse-Darmstadt and Hesse-Kassel)
      • Hesse-Rheinfels (1567, divided in 1583 between Hesse-Darmstadt, Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Marburg)

Hesse-Kassel and its junior lines were annexed by Prussia in 1866; Hesse-Darmstadt became the People's State of Hesse when the monarchy was abolished in 1918. Hesse-Philippsthal died out in the male line in 1925; Hesse-Darmstadt in 1968. Descendants of Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld are alive to this day.

Princes of Hesse-Homburg - 1622-1866

  • Frederick I, third son of George I of Hesse-Darmstadt, 1622-1638
  • William Christoph, 1638-1681, sold Homburg to his brother George Christian in 1669, but retained Bingenheim (Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg-Bingenheim)
    • Margareta Elisabetha of Leiningen-Westerburg-Schaumburg, Regent 1638-1648
  • George Christian, 1669-1671 Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
Under mortgage to two merchants (1671-1673) and the Landgraves of Hesse-Darmstadt (1673-1679)
  • Frederick II, son of Fredrick I, 1679-1708, Commander general of the army of Brandenburg (The Prince of Homburg), redeemed Homburg in 1679, regained Bingenheim in 1681
  • Frederick III Jacob, 1708-1746, Cavalry general in the Netherlands
  • Frederick IV, 1746-1751
  • Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, 1751-1806
    • Ulrike Louise of Solms-Braunfels, Regent 1751-1766
1806 Annexed by Hesse-Darmstadt, 1815 restored by the Congress of Vienna
  • Frederick V, 1815-1820 (restored)
  • Frederick VI, 1820-1829, Cavalry general in Austria
  • Louis William, 1829-1839, Infantry general in Prussia
  • Philip, 1839-1846, Field marshal in Austria
  • Gustav, 1846-1848, Cavalry general in Austria
  • Ferdinand, 1848-1866, Cavalry general in Austria
1866 annexed by Prussia
The Family Titles and Styles

The present members of this family bear the title Prince or Princess and Landgrave or Landgravine of Hesse, together with the formal appellation of His or Her Highness.
The Genealogy of the Princely House
Kasimir Wilhelm, Prince of Hesse-Homburg (Weferlingen 23 Mar 1690-Hötensleben 9 Oct 1726); m.Braunfels 3 Oct 1722 Christine Charlotte Gfn von Solms-Braunfels (Greifenstein 10 Nov 1690-Homburg 16 Oct 1751)
1a) FRIEDRICH IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (Braunfels 15 Apr 1724-Homburg 7 Feb 1751); m.Hungen 10 Oct 1746 Ulrike Luise Gfn zu Solms-Braunfels (Hungen 30 Apr 1731-Homburg 12 Sep 1792)
1b) FRIEDRICH V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg 7 Feb 1751 (Homburg 30 Jan 1748-Homburg 20 Jan 1820); m.Darmstadt 27 Sep 1868 Karoline Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt (Buchsweiler 2 Mar 1746-Homburg 18 Sep 1821)

1c) FRIEDRICH VI Joseph, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (Homburg 30 Jul 1769-Homburg 2 Apr 1829); m.Buckingham House 7 Apr 1818 Elizabeth Pss of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover, etc (Buckingham House 22 May 1770-Frankfurt 10 Jan 1840)

2c) LUDWIG Wilhelm, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (Homburg 29 Aug 1770-Luxemburg 19 Jan 1839); m.Biebrich 2 Aug 1804 (div 1805) Auguste Pss von Nassau-Usingen (Usingen 30 Dec 1778-Wildbad 16 Jul 1846)

3c) Karoline Ulrike Luise (Homburg 26 Aug 1771-Rudolstadt 20 Jun 1854); m.Homburg 21 Jul 1791 Ludwig Friedrich II Fst von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (Rudolstadt 9 Aug 1767-Rudolstadt 28 Apr 1807)

4c) Luise Ulrike (Homburg 26 Oct 1772-Rudolstadt 18 Sep 1854); m.Homburg 19 Jun 1793 Karl Pr von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (Rudolstadt 23 Aug 1771-Rudolstadt 4 Feb 1825)

5c) Christiane Amalie (Homburg 29 Jun 1774-Dessau 3 Feb 1846); m.Homburg 12 Jun 1792 Friedrich Erbpr von Anhalt-Dessau (Dessau 27 Dec 1769-Dessau 27 May 1814)

6c) Paul Emil (Frankfurt 27 Sep 1775-Homburg 16 May 1776)

7c) Auguste Friederike (Homburg 28 Nov 1776-Ludwigslust 1 Apr 1871); m.Homburg 3 Apr 1818 Friedrich Ludwig, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Ludwigslust 13 Jun 1778-Ludwigslust 29 Nov 1819)

8c) Viktor (Homburg 24 Jan 1778-Homburg 14 Sep 1780)

9c) PHILIPP August Friedrich, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (Homburg 11 Mar 1779-Homburg 15 Dec 1846); m.(morganatically) Graz 26 Jun 1838 Antonie Potoschnigg, cr Gfn von Naumburg 31 May 1838 (Fürstenfeld 26 Nov 1806-Homburg 21 Feb 1845)

10c) GUSTAV Adolf Friedrich, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (Homburg 17 Feb 1781-Homburg 8 Sep 1848); m.Dessau 12 Feb 1818 Luise Pss of Anhalt-Dessau (Dessau 1 Mar 1798-Homburg 11 Jun 1858)

1d) Karoline Amalie Elisabeth (Homburg 19 Mar 1819-Greiz 18 Jan 1872); m.Homburg 1 Oct 1839 Heinrich XX Fst Reuss zu Greiz (Offenbach 29 Jun 1794-Greiz 8 Nov 1859)

2d) Elisabeth (Homburg 30 Sep 1823-Homburg 28 Jan 1864)

3d) Friedrich Ludwig Heinrich Gustav (Homburg 6 Apr 1830-Bonn 4 Jan 1848)

11c) FERDINAND Heinrich Friedrich, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (Homburg 26 Apr 1783-Homburg 24 Mar 1866)

12c) Marie Anne Amalie (Homburg 13 Oct 1785-Berlin 14 Apr 1846); m.Berlin 12 Jan 1804 Wilhelm Pr of Prussia (Potsdam 3 Jul 1783-Berlin 28 Sep 1851)

13c) Leopold Viktor Friedrich (Homburg 10 Feb 1787-k.a.Groß-Görschen 2 May 1813)

2b) Marie Christine (Homburg 4 Nov 1749-Homburg May 1750)

2a) Eugen (Homburg 9 Jun 1725-Homburg 21 Jul 1725)

3a) Ulrike Sofie (Hötensleben 31 May 1726-Homburg 10 Dec 1792) 

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