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 Duchy of Parma
Ducato di Parma
 The Duchy of Parma was created in 1545 from that part of the Duchy of Milan south of the Po River, as a fief for Pope Paul III's illegitimate son, Pier Luigi Farnese, centered on the city of Parma. In 1556, the second Duke, Ottavio Farnese, was given the city of Piacenza, becoming thus also Duke of Piacenza, and so the state was thereafter properly known as the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza (Ducato di Parma e Piacenza in Italian). The Farnese family continued to rule until their extinction in 1731, at which point the duchy was inherited by the young son of the King of Spain, Don Charles, whose mother Elizabeth Farnese was the Farnese heiress. He ruled until the end of the War of the Polish Succession in 1735, when Parma was ceded to Emperor Charles VI in exchange for the Two Sicilies. The Habsburgs only ruled until the conclusion of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748, when it was ceded back to the Bourbons in the person of Don Philip, Don Charles's younger brother, which received also the little Duchy of Guastalla. As duke Philip, he became the founder of the House of Bourbon-Parma reigning over the Duchy of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla (Ducato di Parma, Piacenza e Guastalla in Italian).

In 1796, the duchy was occupied by French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte, and the political situation of the State became extremely confused. Duke Ferdinand maintained his throne under French military governors until the Treaty of Aranjuez of 1801, when a general agreement between the House of Bourbon and Napoleon formally decided the cession of the duchy to France in exchange for Tuscany, but the Duke lasted in Parma until he died in 1802, maybe by poisoning. However, Napoleon was undecided about the future of the duchy, aspiring to a total engagement of the Bourbons in the European wars as his allies. Even if French laws and administration was gradually introduced, the formal annexation to the French Empire was declared only in 1808 after the outbreak of the conflict against Bourbonic Spain. The duchy was reformed as the Département of Taro.

In 1814, the duchies were restored under Napoleon's Habsburg wife, Marie Louise, who was to rule them for her lifetime. After Marie Louise's death in 1847, the Duchy was restored to the Bourbon-Parma line, which had been ruling the tiny Duchy of Lucca. In this context, Guastalla was ceded to Modena. The Bourbons ruled until 1859, when they were driven out by a revolution following the French and Sardinian victory in the war against Austria (called Austrian War in France and Second War of Independence in Italy). The Duchy of Parma and Piacenza joined with the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and the Duchy of Modena to form the United Provinces of Central Italy in December 1859, and merged with the Kingdom of Sardinia into the Kingdom of Italy in March 1860 after holding a referendum. The House of Bourbon continues to claim the title of duke of Parma to this day. Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Parma has held the title since 2010.

The List of the Reigning Dukes of Parma - 1545-1802

The Duke of Parma was also Duke of Piacenza, except for the first years of the rule of Ottavio Farnese (1549-1556), and the time of the Napoleonic wars, when the two were established as separate positions held by two individuals. The Duke of Parma also usually held the title of Duke of Guastalla from 1735 (when Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor took it from Mantua) to 1847 (when the territory was ceded to Modena), again, except for the Napoleonic dukes, when Napoleon's sister Pauline was Duchess of Guastalla and of Varella. The position is currently claimed by a member of the Bourbon family, which also holds the Spanish throne. Therefore, the current claimant to the Duchy of Parma is a legitimate (though not prime) claimant to the Kingdom of Spain; indeed, the recent pretender to the Parmese throne, the late Carlos-Hugo, was also a pretender to the Spanish throne in the 1970s

House of Farnese 1545-1731

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Pier Luigi
16 September 1545 - 10 September 1547
Pier Luigi Farnese di Tiziano.jpg 19 November 1503
son of Cardinal Alexander Farnese (future Pope Paul III) and probably Silvia Ruffini
Girolama Orsini
4 children
10 September 1547
aged 43
9 November 1549 - 15 September 1586
Ottavio Farnese duca.jpg 9 October 1524
son of Pier Luigi Farnese, Duke of Parma and Girolama Orsini
Margaret of Parma
4 November 1538
2 children
18 September 1586
aged 61
15 September 1586 - 3 December 1592
Vaenius - Alexander Farnese.png 27 August 1545
son of Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma and Margaret of Parma
Maria of Portugal
11 November 1565
3 children
3 December 1592
Saint Waast, Netherlands
aged 46
Ranuccio I
3 December 1592 - 5 March 1622
Ranuccio First Farnese.jpg 28 March 1569
son of Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma and Maria of Portugal
Margherita Aldobrandini
7 May 1600
9 children
5 March 1622
aged 52
5 March 1622 - 11 September 1646
  28 April 1612
son of Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma and Margherita Aldobrandini
Margherita de Medici
11 October 1628
4 children
11 September 1646
aged 44
Ranuccio II
11 September 1646 - 11 December 1694
RanuccioII.jpg 17 September 1630
son of Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma and Margherita de Medici
(1) Marguerite of Savoy
29 April 1660
2 children
(2) Isabella of Modena
18 February 1664
3 children
(3) Maria of Modena
1 October 1668
9 children
11 December 1694
aged 64
11 December 1694 - 26 February 1727
Francesco Farnese.jpg 19 May 1678
son of Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma and Maria of Modena
Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg
26 February 1727
no issues
26 May 1727
aged 49
26 February 1727 - 20 January 1731
Antonio Farnese, the last Farnese Duke of Parma.jpg 29 May 1679
son of Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma and Maria of Modena
Enrichetta d'Este
26 February 1727
no issues
26 February 1731
aged 49
 House of Bourbon 1731-1735
Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles I
29 December 1731 - 3 October 1735
Charles 20 January 1716
son of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth of Parma
Maria Amalia of Saxony
19 June 1738
13 children
14 December 1788
aged 72

House of Habsburg 1735-1748

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Emperor Charles VI
3 October 1735 - 20 October 1740
KarlVICarrenodeMiranda1673.jpg 1 October 1685
son of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor and Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1 August 1708
4 children
20 October 1740
aged 55
Maria Theresa
20 October 1740 - 18 October 1748
MariaTheresia Maske.jpg 13 May 1717
daughter of Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor and Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
12 February 1736
16 children
29 November 1780
aged 63

House of Bourbon-Parma 1748-1803

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
18 October 1748 - 18 July 1765
Felipe de Parma.jpg 15 March 1720
son of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese
Princess Louise Élisabeth of France
25 October 1739
3 children
18 July 1765
aged 45
18 July 1765 - 9 October 1802
Ferdinando de Parma.jpg 20 January 1751
son of Philip, Duke of Parma and Princess Louise Élisabeth of France
Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
19 July 1769
7 children
9 October 1802
aged 51

Honorary Dukes of Parma (1808-1814)

These did not actually rule over any territory of Parma and Piacenza, but were of the honorary, hereditary type duché grand-fief, granted by Napoleon in 1808.

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès, duc de Parme
Maurin - Cambaceres.png 18 October 1753
son of Jean-Antoine de Cambaceres and Marie-Rose Vassal
never married 8 March 1824
aged 70
Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance
Charles-François Lebrun (1739-1824), French statesman (small).jpg 19 March 1739
fourth son of Paul Lebrun and Louise Le Cronier
Sophie de Marbois
1 daughter
16 June 1824
aged 85

 Reigning Dukes of Parma (1814-1859)

House of Habsburg-Lorraine, 1814-1847

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Marie Louise
11 April 1814 - 17 December 1847
L'impératriceMarie-Louise.jpg 12 December 1791
daughter of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
(1) Napoleon I of France
1 April 1810
1 son
(2) Adam Albert, Count von Neipperg
7 September 1821
three children
(3) Charles René, Count of Bombelles
17 February 1834
no issue
17 December 1847
aged 56
  • Napoléon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte, the son of Marie Louise and Napoleon I of France was at one time in the line of succession, but was never Duke of Parma.

House of Bourbon-Parma, 1847-1859

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles II
17 December 1847 - 17 May 1849
Charles II, Duke of Parma c 1850.JPG 22 December 1799
son of Louis of Etruria and Maria Louisa, Duchess of Lucca
Maria Teresa of Savoy
5 September 1820
2 children
16 April 1883
aged 84
Charles III
17 May 1849 - 27 March 1854
Charles III, Duke of Parma.JPG 14 January 1823
son of Charles II, Duke of Parma and Maria Teresa of Savoy
Louise Marie Thérèse of France
10 November 1845
4 children
27 March 1854
aged 31
Robert I
27 March 1854 - 9 June 1859
RobertIP.jpg 9 July 1848
son of Charles III, Duke of Parma and Louise Marie Thérèse of France
(1) Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
5 April 1869
12 children

(2) Maria Antonia of Portugal
15 October 1884
12 children
16 November 1907
aged 63
Pretenders to the throne of Parma

This is a list of pretenders to the throne of Parma, which was ruled by the House of Bourbon-Parma until 1859 when the ducal family escaped after the Italian national insurrection linked to the Second Italian War of Independence.

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Robert I, Duke of Parma
Robert I duke of parma.jpg 9 July 1848

son of Charles III, Duke of Parma and Louise Marie Thérèse of France
(1) Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
5 April 1869
12 children

Maria Antonia of Portugal
15 October 1884
12 children
16 November 1907

aged 63
Henry of Bourbon-Parma
Henry, Duke of Parma titular.png 13 June 1873
son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
never married 16 November 1939

aged 66
Joseph of Bourbon-Parma
Joseph, Duke of Parma titular.png 30 June 1875

son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
never married 7 January 1950

aged 75
Elias of Bourbon-Parma
Elias, Duke of Parma titular.png 23 July 1880

son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
Maria Anna of Austria
25 May 1903

8 children
27 June 1959

aged 79
Robert (II) Hugo of Bourbon-Parma
Robert II, Duke of Parma.jpg 7 August 1909

son of Elias of Bourbon-Parma and Maria Anna of Austria
never married 25 November 1974

aged 65
Xavier of Bourbon-Parma
  25 May 1889

son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal
Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset
12 November 1927

6 children
7 May 1977

aged 87
Carlos (IV) Hugo of Bourbon-Parma
  8 April 1930

son of Xavier of Bourbon-Parma and Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset
Princess Irene of the Netherlands
29 April 1964

4 children
18 August 2010

aged 80
Carlos (V) of Bourbon-Parma
since 2010
  27 January 1970

son of Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma and Princess Irene of the Netherlands
Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel
12 June 2010
Wijk bij Duurstede
Family Titles and Styles of the House
The present members of this family bear the title Prince or Princess of Bourbon-Parma, together with the formal appellation of His or Her Royal Highness.
The Genealogy of The Ducal House 
Felipe, Infant of Spain, b.Madrid 15 Mar 1720, recognized as Duke FILIPPO of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla 18 Oct 1748; he d.Alessandria 18 Jul 1765; he m.by proxy at Versailles 26 Aug 1739 and in person at Alcalá de Henares 25 Oct 1739 Elisabeth of France (Versailles 14 Aug 1727-Versailles 6 Dec 1759)

1a) Isabel Maria Luisa Antonietta Ferdinanda Giuseppina Saveria Domenica Giovanna (Madrid 31 Dec 1741-Vienna 27 Nov 1763); m.by proxy at Parma 7 Sep 1760 and in person at Vienna 6 Oct 1760 Emperor Joseph II (Schönbrunn 13 Mar 1741-Vienna 20 Feb 1790)

2a) FERDINANDO Maria Filippo Lodovico Sebastiano Francesco Giacomo, Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla (Parma 20 Jan 1751-Fontevivo 9 Oct 1802); m.Colorno 18 Jul 1769 Maria Amelia, Archdss of Austria (Vienna 26 Feb 1746-Prague 18 Jun 1804)

1b) Carolina Maria Teresa Giuseppa (Parma 22 Nov 1770-Dresden 1 Mar 1804); m.Dresden 9 May 1792 Maximilian Pr of Saxony (Dresden 13 Apr 1759-Dresden 3 Jan 1838)

2b) Luigi [LODOVICO] Francesco Filiberto, King of Etruria 28 Jul 1801 (Piacenza 5 Jul 1773-Palazzo Pitti, Florence 27 May 1803); m.San Ildefonso 25 Aug 1795 Maria Luisa Infanta of Spain (San Ildefonso 6 Jul 1782-Rome 13 Mar 1824)

1c) CARLO II Lodovico Ferdinando, Duke of Parma and Piacenza 17 Dec 1847 on the death of Empress Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma, abdicated 19 Apr 1848; reigned as King Lodovico II of Etruria 27 May 1803-10 Dec 1807, Duke of Lucca 13 Mar 1824-15 Oct 1847 (Madrid 22 Dec 1799-Nice 16 Apr 1883); m.Turin 5 Sep 1820 Maria Teresa Pss of Savoy (Rome 19 Sep 1803-San Martino 16 Jul 1879)

1d) Luisa Francesca di Paola Teresa Maria Anna Clotilda Beatrice (Lucca 29 Oct 1821-Lucca 8 Sep 1823)

2d) Ferdinando CARLO III Giuseppe Maria Vittorio Baldassare Duke of Parma and Piacenza (Lucca 14 Jan 1823, assassinated at Parma 27 Mar 1854); m.Frohsdorf 10 Nov 1845 Louise Marie Thérèse of France (Paris 21 Sep 1819-Venice 1 Feb 1864)

1e) Margherita Maria Teresa Enrichetta (Lucca 1 Jan 1847-Viareggio 29 Jan 1893); m.Frohsdorf 4 Feb 1867 Carlos de Borbón, Infant of Spain, Duke of Madrid (Laibach 30 Mar 1848-Varese 18 Jul 1909)

2e) ROBERTO I Carlo Luigi Maria Duke of Parma and Piacenza (Florence 9 Jul 1848-Pianore 16 Nov 1907); was overthrown during the Italian unification 1859; m.1st Rome 5 Apr 1869 Maria Pia Pss of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Gaeta 2 Aug 1849-Biarritz 29 Sep 1882); m.2d Schloß Fischborn 15 Oct 1884 Maria Antonia Infanta of Portugal (Bronnbach 28 Nov 1862-Schloß Berg, Luxemburg 14 May 1959)

1f) Maria Luisa Pia Teresa Ana Ferdinanda Francesca Antonietta Margherita Giuseppina Carolina Bianca Lucia Apolonia (Rome 17 Jan 1870-Sofia 31 Jan 1899); m.Pianore 20 Apr 1893 Pr [later, King] Ferdinand of Bulgaria (Vienna 26 Feb 1861-Coburg 10 Sep 1948)

2f) Ferdinando Maria Carlo (Bozen 5 Mar 1871-Cannes 14 Apr 1872)

3f) Luisa Maria Annunziata Enrichetta Teresa (Cannes 24 Mar 1872-Brunnsee 22 Jun 1943)

4f) ENRICO Maria Alberto Ferdinando Carlo Pio Luigi Antonio, Duke of Parma and Piacenza, Pr of Bourbon (Schloß Wartegg 13 Jun 1873-Pianore 10 May 1939)

5f) Maria Immacolata Luisa Francesca Praxedes Annunziata Teresa Pia Anna Ferdinanda Antonietta Giuseppina Lucia Apollonia Filomena Clotilda Emerenciana Maria Giulia (Schloß Wartegg 21 Jul 1874-Pianore 16 May 1914)

6f) GIUSEPPE Maria Pietro Paolo Francesco Roberto Tomaso-d'Aquino Andreas-Avellino Biagio Mauro Carlo Stanislao Luigi Filippo Neri Leone Bernardo Antonio Ferdinando, Duke of Parma and Piacenza, Pr of Bourbon (Biarritz 30 Jun 1875-Pianore 7 Jan 1950

7f) Maria Teresa Pia Luisa Immacolata Ferdinanda Enrichetta Giuseppina Alfonsa (Biarritz 15 Oct 1876-Brunnsee 25 Jan 1959)

8f) Maria Pia Antonietta Carolina (Biarritz 9 Oct 1877-Schloß Wartegg 29 Jan 1915)

9f) Beatrice Colomba Maria Immacolata Leonia (Biarritz 9 Jan 1879-Brunnsee 11 Mar 1946); m.Schwarzau am Steinfelde 12 Aug 1906 Pietro Cte Lucchesi Palli (Rome 7 Feb 1870-Brunnsee 5 Dec 1939)

10f) ELIAS Roberto Carlo Maria Pio Giuseppe, Duke of Parma and Piacenza, Pr of Bourbon (Biarritz 23 Jul 1880-Friedberg 27 Jun 1959); m.Vienna 25 May 1903 Maria Anna, Archdss of Austria (Linz 6 Jan 1882-Lausanne 25 Feb 1940)

1g) Elisabetta Maria Anna Pia Luisa (Vienna 17 Mar 1904-Bad Ischl 13 Jun 1983)

2g) Carlo Luigi Federigo Antonio Roberto Elias Maria (Vienna 22 Sep 1905-Baden, nr Vienna 26 Sep 1912)

3g) Maria Francesca Giuseppa Raniera Enrichetta Pia Luisa (Weilburg 5 Sep 1906-Fribourg, Switzerland 20 Feb 1994)

4g) ROBERTO II Ranieri Alexis Luigi Enrico Deodato Elias Pio Maria, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (Weilburg, Austria 7 Aug 1909-Vienna 25 Nov 1974)

5g) Francesco Ranieri Alexis Luigi Enrico Roberto Pio Carlo Elias Maria (Weilburg 14 Jun 1913-Magyar-Ovar, Hungary 29 May 1939)

6g) Giovanna [Jeanne] Isabella Alfonsina Pia Luisa Maria (Weilburg 8 Jul 1916-k.in a shooting accident at Toledana, Spain 1 Nov 1949)

7g) Alice Maria Teresa Francesca Luisa Pia Anna Valeria (b.Vienna 13 Nov 1917); m.Vienna 16 Apr 1936 Alfonso Pr of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Infant of Spain (Madrid 30 Nov 1901-Madrid 3 Feb 1964)

8g) Maria Cristina Albertina Enrichetta Luisa Pia Carlotta (Vienna 7 Jun 1925-Vienna 1 Sep 2009)

11f) Maria Anastasia Antonietta Cristina Enrichetta (Biarritz 25 Aug 1881-Biarritz 7 Sep 1881)

12f) Augusto (b.and d.Biarritz 22 Sep 1882)

13f) Maria della Neve Adelaide Enrichetta Pia Antonia (Wartegg 5 Aug 1885-Solesmes 6 Feb 1959)

14f) Sisto (Sixte) Ferdinando Maria Ignazio Alfonso Roberto Micael Francesco Carlo Luigi Saverio Giuseppe Antonio Pio Taddeo Giovanni Sebastiano Paolo Biagio Estanislao Bernedetto Bernardo Marco (Wartegg 1 Aug 1886-Paris 14 Mar 1934); m.Paris 12 Nov 1919 Hedwige de la Rochefoucauld (Paris 15 Feb 1896-Paris 7 May 1986)

1g) Isabelle Marie Antoinette Louise Hedwige (b.Paris 14 Mar 1922); m.Paris (civ) 22 Jun 1943 (rel) 23 Jun 1943 (div 1966) Roger de La Rochefoucauld (Paris 8 Oct 1915-k.in plane wreck nr St-Germain-les-Paroisses 13 Apr 1970)

15f) FRANCESCO SAVERIO (Xavier) Carlo Maria Anna Giuseppe, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (Camaiore 25 May 1889-Zizers 7 May 1977); m.Lignières 12 Nov 1927 Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset (Paris 23 Mar 1898-Paris 1 Sep 1984)

1g) Marie Françoise Antoinette Jeanne Madeleine (b.Paris 10 Aug 1928); m.Besson 12 Dec 1959 Eduard Pr von Lobkowicz (New York 12 Jun 1926-Paris 2 Apr 2010)

2g) Hugues (CARLOS HUGO) Xavier Marie Sixte Louis Robert Jean Georges Benoît Michel, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (Paris 8 Apr 1930-Barcelona 18 Aug 2010); m.Rome 29 Apr 1964 (div 1981) Irene Pss of the Netherlands, Pss zur Lippe-Biesterfeld (b.Soestdijk 5 Aug 1939)

1h) CARLOS XAVIER Bernardo Sixto Maria, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (b.Nimeguen 27 Jan 1970); m. Wijk bij Duurstede 12 Jun 2010 (rel) Abbey of La Cambre, Brussels 20 Nov 2010 Annemarie Cecilia Gualthérie van Weezel (b.The Hague 18 Dec 1977)

1i) [by Brigitte Klynstra] Carlos Hugo Roderik Sybren Klynstra, b.Nijmegen 20 Jan 1997

2h) Jaime (Jacques) Bernardo, Cte di Bardi (b.Nimeguen 13 Oct 1972)

3h) Margarita Maria Beatrix, Ctsa di Colorno (b.Nimeguen 13 Oct 1972); m.1st Amsterdam 19 Jun 2001 (rel) Auch 22 Sep 2001 (div 8 Nov 2006) Edwin Karel Willem de Roy van Zuydewijn (b.Amsterdam 19 Jun 1966); m.2nd Maarsbergen 3 May 2008 Tjalling Siebe ten Cate (b.Dordrecht 23 Dec 1975)

4h) Maria Carolina Christina, Marchesa di Sala (b.Nimeguen 23 Jun 1974)

3g) Marie Thérèse Cécile Zita Charlotte (b.Paris 28 Jul 1933)

4g) Cécile Marie Antoinette Madeleine Jeanne Agnès Françoise (b.Paris 12 Apr 1935)

5g) Marie-des-Neiges Madeleine Françoise (b.Paris 29 Apr 1937)

6g) Sixte Henri Hugues François Xavier (b.Pau 22 Jul 1940)

16f) Francesca Giuseppa Maria Teresa Elisabetta Sofia Anna Luisa Eulalia Micaela Raffaela Gabriella (Schwarzau 22 Apr 1890-Solesmes 7 Oct 1978)

17f) Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgonda Micaela Raffaela Gabriella Giuseppina Antonia Luisa Agnese (Pianore 9 May 1892-Zizers 14 Mar 1989); m.Schwarzau 21 Oct 1911 Emperor Karl of Austria (Persenbeug 17 Aug 1887-Funchal, Madeira 1 Apr 1922)

18f) Felix Maria Vincenz, cr 5 Nov 1919 Pr of Luxemburg (Schwarzau 28 Sep 1893-Luxemburg 8 Apr 1970); m.Luxemburg 6 Nov 1919 Grand Dss Charlotte of Luxemburg; for further details see Luxemburg

19f) René Charles Maria Joseph (Schwarzau 17 Oct 1894-Hellerup 30 Jul 1962); m.Copenhagen 9 Jun 1921 Margrethe Pss of Denmark (Bernstorff 17 Sep 1895-Brodrehoj 18 Sep 1992)

1g) Jacques Maria Antoine Robert Waldemar Charles Felix Sixte Ansgar (Longwy, France 9 Jun 1922-nr Roskilde 5 Nov 1964); m.Ledreborg 9 Jun 1947 Birgitte Komtesse af Holstein-Ledreborg (Ledreborg 29 Jun 1922-21 Aug 2009)

1h) Philipp Georg Karl Valdemar René Joseph Marie (b.Copenhagen 22 Jan 1949); m.Ledreborg 5 May 1979 Annette Smith (b.Koge, Seeland 24 Apr 1955)

1i) Jacques Carl Christian Marie (b.Roskilde 3 Jan 1986)

2i) Joseph Axel Alain Eric Marie (b.Roskilde 6 Jun 1989)

2h) Lorraine Charlotte Tatjana Ebba Johanna Maria Antonia Josephine Renée (b.Roskilde 27 Jul 1951)

3h) Alain Johann Knud Bernhard Felix Maria René Joseph (b.Roskilde 15 May 1955); m.2001 Inge Birgitte Vedel Andersen (b.1948)

2g) Anna Maria Antonie Françoise Zita Marguerite (b.Paris 18 Sep 1923); m.Athens 10 Jun 1948 King Michael of Romania (b.Sinaia 25 Oct 1921)

3g) Michel Marie Xavier Waldemar Georg Robert Karl Eymar (b.Paris 4 Mar 1926); m.1st Paris (civ) 23 May 1951 (rel) 9 Jun 1951 (separated 1966, div 1999) Pss Yolande de Broglie-Revel (b.Paris 26 Apr 1928); m.2d Manalapan, Florida 16/17 May 2003 Princess Maria Pia of Savoy (b.Naples 24 Sep 1934)

1h) Eric Marie Joseph René Michel Pierre (b.Copenhagen 28 Aug 1953); m.Ledreborg 8 Aug 1980 (div 1999) Lydia Komtesse af Holstein-Ledreborg (b.Roskilde 22 Feb 1955)

1i) Antoinette Monique Charlotte Marie (b.Roskilde 10 Jun 1981); m.Ledreborg 15 May 2010 Martin Krusbæk (b.Nykøbing Falster 27 Jan 1982)

2i) Marie Gabrielle Yolanda Camilla Philippine (b.Paris 23 Dec 1982)

3i) Alexia Thérèse Sybille Eric Charles Marie (b.Palm Beach, Florida 7 Mar 1985); m.Fabian Davis

4i) Michel Knud John Joseph Marie (b.Lejre, nr Roskilde 12 Feb 1989)

5i) Henri Luitpold Antoine Victor Marie Joseph (b.Roskilde 14 Oct 1991)

2h) Inès Marie Joseph Margarethe Yolande Tatiana (Paris 9 May 1952-London 20 Oct 1981)

3h) Sybil Marie Joseph Anne Victoire (b.Paris 10 Nov 1954); m.Versailles 5 Dec 1997 Craig Richards (b.in Wales 22 Apr 1962)

4h) Victoire Maria Pia Joseph Philippe Isaure (Boulogne-Billaincourt 8 Nov 1957-Neuilly 24 Jan 2001); m.1st (civ) Paris 25 Feb 1974 (rel) Beaumont-le-Roger 25 Feb 1974 (div 1988) Ernst Frhr von Gecmen Waldek (b.Prague 11 Jul 1943); m.2d Palm Beach 15 May 1993 Carlos Ernesto Rodriguez (b.Caracas 28 Dec 1956)

5h) Charles Emmanuel Marie Joseph Jacques Hély (b.Paris 3 Jun 1961); m.Paris 18 May (rel) Dampierre 25 May 1991 Constance de Ravinel (b.Boulogne-Billancourt 18 Jul 1970)

1i) Amaury Yves Michel Marie Joseph (b.Paris 30 Oct 1991)

2i) Charlotte Alexe Yolande Marie Joseph (b.Boulogne-Billaincourt 18 Jul 1993)

3i) Elisabeth Flore Angélique Marie Joseph (b.Boulogne-Billancourt 12 Jun 1996)

4i) Zita Angélique Inès Marie Joseph (b.Boulogne-Billancourt 1 Apr 1999)

6h) [by Laure Le Bourgeois (b.1950)] Amélie de Bourbon de Parme, b.Paris 13 Mar 1977; m.Paris 1 Oct 2009 (rel) Chambord 3 Oct 2009 Pr Igor Yourievich Ostasenko-Bogdanov (b.château de Saint-Lary 29 Aug 1949)

4g) André Marie (Paris 6 Mar 1928-22 Oct 2011); m.(civ) Paris 2 May 1960 (rel) Villefranche nr Nice 9 May 1960 Marina Gacry (b.Paris 5 Sep 1935)

1h) Axel (b.18 Sep 1968); m.(civ) Lozère 8 Aug 1996 [or, 17 Aug 1996] (rel) St.Sauveur-du-Peyre 7 Sep 1996 Raphaële de Montagnon (b.Paris 9 Jun 1971)

1i) Côme (b.Neuilly 7 May 1997)

2i) Alix (b.26 Mar 2000)

2h) Sophie (Tania) (b.13 Nov 1961); m.(civ) Vienna 8 Jul 1988 (rel) Lozère 9 Aug 1988 (div 2007) Gilbert Silly dit Gilbert Bécaud (b.Paris 2 Feb 1953)

3h) Astrid (b.22 Sep 1964)

20f) Maria Antonia Sofia Lodovica Giuseppa Micaela Gabriella Raffaela Anna (Schwarzau 7 Nov 1895-Solesmes 19 Oct 1937)

21f) Isabella Maria Anna (Schwarzau 14 Jun 1898-Gaissau, Vorarlberg 28 Jul 1984)

22f) Louis Charles Maria Leopold Robert (Schwarzau 5 Dec 1899-Mandelieu 4 Dec 1967); m.Rome 23 Jan 1939 Maria Pss of Savoy (Rome 26 Dec 1914-Mandelieu 4 Dec 2001)

1g) Veit (Guy) Sixte Louis Robert Victor (Cannes 7 Aug 1940-Paris 9 Mar 1991); m.Cannes (civ) 10 Jul 1964 (rel) 11 Nov 1964 (div 1981) Brigitte Peu-Duvallon (Cannes 13 Aug 1943-Lausanne 25 Feb 1993)

1h) Louis Victor-Emmanuel Sixte-Robert (b.Paris 25 Jun 1966); m.Prangins, Switzerland (civ) 11 May 1990 (rel) 19 May 1992 Ariane Nicolet (b.Tramelan, Switzerland 16 Jan 1966)

1i) Delphine (b.Lausanne 11 Jul 1992)

2i) Guy (b.Genolier, Switzerland 6 Feb 1995)

2g) Rémy François Xavier Louis Robert Victor (b.Cannes 14 Jul 1942); m.1st (civ) Saint Prix 8 Feb 1973 (rel) Paris 10 Feb 1973 (div 1983) Laurence Dufresne d'Arganchy (b.Paris 18 Jan 1951); m.2d Switzerland 5 Jul 2003 Mme Elisabeth Tardif (b.Neuilly 17 Apr 1954)

1h) Tristan Louis Christian Thierry Marie (b.Cannes 30 Jun 1974); m.Cumières 21 Aug 2010 Shira Szabo (b.Tel Aviv 31 Jan 1979)

2h) Aude (b.Cannes 26 Jan 1977)

3g) Chantal Marie Helene Charlotte (b.Cannes 24 Nov 1946); m.1st (civ) Mandelieu 1 Jul 1977 (rel) Cannes 23 Sep 1977 (div) Panayotis Skinas (b.Athens 8 Mar 1937); m.2d Sainte-Thorette 24 Sep 1988 François-Henri des Georges (b.Nice 4 Mar 1941)

4g) Jean Bernard Rémy (b.Cannes 15 Oct 1961); m.(civ) Antibes 25 Mar 1988 (rel) Juan-les-Pins 26 Mar 1988 (div 2000) Virginia Roatta (b.31 Aug 1964)

1h) Arnaud Pascal Dominique Louis Marie Alphonse (b.Cannes 26 Oct 1989)

2h) Christophe (b.Cannes 4 Jul 1991)

23f) Enrichetta (Henriette) Anna Maria Immacolata Giuseppa Antonia (Pianore 8 Mar 1903-Marti, nr Pisa 13 Jun 1987)

24f) Gaetano Maria Joseph Pius (Pianore 11 Jun 1905-Mandelieu 9 Mar 1958); m.Paris 29 Apr 1931 (div 1955) Margarete Pss von Thurn u.Taxis (Beloeil 8 Nov 1909-Forte dei Marmi 21 Sep 2006)

1g) Diana Marguerite (b.Paris 22 May 1932); m.Krauchenwies 16 Apr 1955 (div 1961) Franz Pr von Hohenzollern (Umkirch 15 Mar 1926-Sigmaringen 13 Mar 1996); m.2d Stuttgart 21 Mar 1961 Hans Joachim Oehmichen (Barnitz 4 Oct 1920-Bad Krozingen 11 Jul 1995)

3e) Alicia Maria Carolina Ferdinanda Rachel Giovanna Filomena (Parma 27 Dec 1849-Schwertberg 16 Nov 1935); m.Frohsdorf 11 Jan 1868 Grand Duke Ferdinando IV of Tuscany, Archduke of Austria (Florence 10 Jun 1835-Salzburg 17 Jan 1908)

4e) Enrico Carlo Luigi Giorgio Abraham Paolo Maria, Cte di Bardi (Parma 12 Feb 1851-Menton 14 Apr 1905); m.1st Cannes 25 Nov 1873 Immacolata Pss of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Naples 21 Jan 1855-Pau 23 Aug 1874); m.2d Salzburg 15 Oct 1876 Adelgunde Infanta of Portugal (Bronnbach 10 Nov 1858-Gunten, Switzerland 15 Apr 1946)

2c) Maria Luisa Carlotta (Barcelona 2 Oct 1802-Rome 18 Mar 1857); m.1st Dresden 7 Nov 1825 Maximilian Pr of Saxony (Dresden 13 Apr 1759-Dresden 3 Jan 1838); m.2d 22 Jul 1849 Cte Francesco Rossi (Rome 5 Dec 1797-Venice 30 Sep 1856); m.3d 19 Feb 1855 Cavaliere Giovanni Vimercati (21 Dec 1788-28 Mar 1858)

3b) Maria Antonietta Giuseppina Walburga Anna Luisa Vicenza Margherita Caterina (Parma 28 Nov 1774-Rome 20 Feb 1841)

4b) Carlotta Maria Ferdinanda Teresa Anna Giuseppa Giovanna Luisa Vicenza Rosalia (Parma 1 Sep 1777-Rome 5 Apr 1813)

5b) Filippo Maria Lodovico Francesco (Parma 22 Mar 1783-Parma 2 Jul 1786)

6b) Antonietta Luisa (b.Parma 21 Oct 1784-d.an infant)

7b) Maria Luisa (Parma 17 Apr 1787-Parma 22 Nov 1789)

3a) Maria Luisa Teresa (Parma 9 Dec 1751-Rome 2 Jan 1819); m.San Ildefonso 4 Sep 1765 King Carlos IV of Spain (Portici 11 Nov 1748-Rome 19 Jan 1819)

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