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Thumbnail for version as of 10:50, 26 July 2010 

The Non-Sovereign Princely
and Ducal Houses of Europe
Volume III - IV

 THE DUCAL HOUSE OF BERWICK
House of Fitzjames

The title Duke of Berwick, referring to the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed in England by the border with Scotland, was created in 1687 for James FitzJames, the illegitimate son of King James II and Arabella Churchill. The title, and its subsidiary titles (Baron of Bosworth and Earl of Tinmouth) are generally considered to have been forfeit in 1695 when the Duke was attainted following the enforced exile of his natural father. However, some have argued that the forfeiture was never properly carried out, and that the title thus remains extant, in the hands of the Spanish Duque de Peñaranda.

James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick (21 August 1670 - 12 June 1734) was a French military leader, illegitimate son of King James II of England by Arabella Churchill, sister of the 1st Duke of Marlborough. In 1695 he married Honora De Burgh or De Burgo, the daughter of William Bourke, 7th Earl of Clanricarde and the widow of the 1st Earl of Lucan, who died in 1698. His second marriage, with Anne Bulkeley, daughter of Henry Bulkeley, took place in 1700.

The House of Fitzjames

The House of FitzJames (or the House of FitzJames-Stuart) is a noble house of British-origin founded by James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick who was the illegitimate son of James II & VII, King of England, Scotland and Ireland, a Catholic monarch from the House of Stuart. After the Revolution of 1688, the Duke of Berwick followed his father into exile and much of their history since then has been in Spain and France, with several members of the house serving in a military capacity.

There became two lines of the house; the most senior carrying the title Duke of Berwick and residing in Spain, is the result of the 1st Duke of Berwick's marriage to Irishwoman, Honora Burke. This line has collected many titles throughout their history and has had some activity as ambassadors, military generals and has produced a few Grandees of Spain. The line associated with France, derived from the 1st Duke of Berwick's second marriage to Englishwoman, Anne Bulkeley carried the title Duke of FitzJames.

Perhaps the best known of the France associated line was Edward FitzJames, 5th Duke of FitzJames. An émigré who escaped to Italy after the French Revolution, he was later to return around the time of the Bourbon Restoration and was involved in ultraroyalist politics. This line died out in 1967 with the death of James FitzJames, 9th Duke of FitzJames. The senior line in Spain continues on to the present day where the head is currently Jacobo FitzJames-Stuart y Gomez, 12th Duke of Berwick.

 

The Genealogy of The Ducal House
James Fitzjames, Duke of Berwick, etc, Duque de Liria y Xérica, Grandee of Spain, etc, illegitimate son of King James II & VII of England and Scotland, by Arabella Churchill (21 Aug 1670-k.a.Philippsburg 12 Jun 1734); m.1st St.Germain-en-Laye 26 Mar 1695 Lady Honora de Burgh, Dowager Css of Lucan (d.Pezénas 16 Jan 1698); m.2d Paris 18 Apr 1700 Anne Bulkeley (d.12 Jun 1751)
1a) James Francis Stuart-Fitzjames-Stuart, Duke of Berwick, Duque de Liria y Xérica (21 Oct 1696-Naples 2 Jun 1738); m.31 Dec 1716 Catalina Ventura Colón de Portugal, Duquesa de Veraguas y de la Vega (14 Jul 1690-3 Oct 1739)

1b) Jacopo Fitzjames-Stuart y Colón (11 Oct 1717- )

2b) Jacopo Francisco Eduardo Fitzjames-Stuart, Duke of Berwick, Duque de Liria y Xérica (Madrid 28 Dec 1718-Valencia 30 Sep 1785); m.Alba de Tormes 26 Jul 1738 Maria Teresa de Silva y Alvarez de Toledo (6 Jan 1716-5 May 1790)

1c) Carlos Fernando Pascal Januario Fitzjames-Stuart, Duke of Berwick, Duque de Liria y Xérica (Liria 25 Mar 1752-Madrid 7 Sep 1787); m.Oct 1771 Carolina Augusta Pss zu Stolberg-Gedern (10 Feb 1755-St.Gratien 15 Apr 1828)

1d) Jacopo Felipe Carlos Pascual Cayetano Vicente Fitzjames-Stuart, Duke of Berwick, Duque de Liria y Xérica (Paris 25 Feb 1773-3 Apr 1794); m.24 Jan 1790 Maria Teresa Fernandez de Silva y de Palafóx (10 Mar 1772-Florence 29 Apr 1818)

1e) Jacopo José Maria Fitzjames-Stuart, Duke of Berwick, Duque de Liria y Xérica (3 Jan 1792-5 Jan 1795)

2e) Carlos Miguel Fitzjames-Stuart, Duke of Berwick, Duque de Liria y Xérica, Duque de Alba de Tormes (Madrid 19 May 1794-Sion, Switzerland 7 Oct 1835); m.Rome 15 F eb 1817 Rosalia de Ventimiglia (Palermo 16 Aug 1798-Madrid 4 Mar 1868)

1f) Jacopo Luis Francesco Pablo Rafael Fitzjames-Stuart, Duke of Berwick, Duque de Alba de Tormes (Palermo 3 Jun 1821-10 Jul 1881); m.Madrid 14 Feb 1844 Maria Francesca de Sales Palafox y Kirkpatrick de Closburn Duquesa de Penaranda, etc (29 Jan 1825-Paris 16 Sep 1860)

1g) Carlos Maria Isabel Fitzjames-Stuart, Duke of Berwick, Duque de Alba de Tormes (Madrid 4 Dec 1849-d.aboard a yacht at New York 15 Oct 1901); m.Madrid 10 Dec 1877 Maria del Rosario Falcó (Pau 3 Oct 1854-Paris 27 Mar 1904)

1h) Jacobo Maria del Pilar Carlos Manuel Fitzjames-Stuart, Duke of Berwick, 17th Duque de Alba de Tormes (Madrid 17 Oct 1878- Lausanne 24 Sep 1953); m.London 7 Oct 1920 Maria del Rosario de Silva y Gurtubay Marquesa de San Vicente del Barco (Madrid 4 Apr 1900-Madrid 11 Jan 1934)

(1i) Maria del Rosario Cayetana Fitzjames-Stuart, 18th Duquesa de Alba de Tormes, Duchess of Berwick [the Dukedom recognized by the Spanish crown is descendable through female lines, though the original British Dukedom was not] (b.Madrid 28 Mar 1926); m.1st Seville 12 Oct 1948 Pedro Luis Martinez de Irujo (Madrid 17 Nov 1919- Houston, Texas 6 Sep 1972); m.2d Mar 1978 Jesus Aguirre Ortiz de Zarate (Madrid 9 Jun 1934-Madrid 11 May 2001)

1j) Carlos Martinez de Irujo y Fitzjames-Stuart Duque de Huescar (b.Madrid 2 Oct 1949); m.Seville 18 Jun 1988 Matilda de Solis y Martinez de Campos (b.Seville 13 Jun 1963)

1k) Fernando Fitzjames-Stuart y de Solis (b.Madrid 14 Sep 1990) 2k) Carlos Fitzjames-Stuart y de Solis (b.Madrid 30 Nov 1991)

2j) Alfonso Martinez de Irujo y Fitzjames-Stuart Duque de Aliaga (b.Madrid 22 Oct 1950); m.Marbella 4 Jul 1977 (div) Maria Pss zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg (b.Madrid 8 Apr 1957)

1k) Luis Martinez de Irujo y Hohenlohe-Langenburg (b.26 May 1978) 2k) Javier Martinez de Irujo y Hohenlohe- Langenburg (b.Jan 1981)

3j) Jacobo Martinez de Irujo y Fitzjames-Stuart Cde de Siruela (b.Madrid 15 Jul 1954); m.1st Madrid 1 Nov 1980 (div 1998) Maria Eugenia Fernandez de Castro y Fernandez Shaw (b.Madrid 15 Oct 1954); m.2d Venice 13 Mar 2004 Inka Martí y Kiemann (b.1963)

1k) Jacobo Martinez de Irujo y Fernandez de Castro (b.Madrid 23 Mar 1981) 2k) Brianda Eugenia Martinez de Irujo y Fernandez de Castro (b.Madrid 11 Apr 1984)

4j) Fernando Martinez de Irujo y Fitzjames-Stuart Marques de San Vicente del Barco (b.Madrid 11 Jul 1959)

5j) Cayetano Martinez de Irujo y Fitzjames-Stuart, Cde de Salvatierra (b.Madrid 4 Apr 1963); m.Seville 15 Oct 2005 Genoveva Casanova y Gonzales (b.Cuernavaca, Mexico 30 Nov 1976)

1k) Luis Martinez de Irujo y Casanova, b.Mexico 25 Jul 2001

2k) Amina Martinez de Irujo y Casanova, b.Mexico 25 Jul 2001

6j) Eugenia Martinez de Irujo y Fitzjames-Stuart, Duquesa de Montoro (b.26 Nov 1968); m.Seville 23 Oct 1998 (div 2005) Francisco Rivera Ordoñez (b.Madrid 3 Jan 1974)

1k) Cayetana Rivera y Martinez de Irujo (b.Seville 16 Oct 1999)

2h) Eugenia Sol Maria del Pilar Fitzjames-Stuart y Falcó Cdsa de Tera (Madrid 8 Jan 1880-Madrid 4 Mar 1962); m.Madrid 2 Jul 1906 Juan Manuel Mitjans y Mancanedo Duque de Santona (Santona 8 Aug 1865-10 Sep 1929)

3h) Hernando Carlos Maria Teresa Fitzjames-Stuart Duque de Penaranda del Duero, etc (Madrid 3 Nov 1882, murdered at Madrid Nov 1936); m.Cordoba 20 Mar 1920 Maria del Carmen Saavedra y Collada Marquesa de Villaviciosa (Madrid 21 Jul 1889-Seville 23 Apr 1967)

1i) Hernando Alfonso Fitzjames-Stuart y Saavedra, Duque de Penaranda, Duke of Berwick [insofar as the original British Dukedom of Berwick may still exist after its forfeiture; the title as recognized by the Spanish Crown is apparently descendable through female lines and is held by the Duquesa de Alba], etc (Guadalperal 24 Jan 1922-Guadalperal 20 Jul 1970); m.1944 Isabel Gomez y Ruiz (Cadiz 5 Nov 1923-Cadiz 14 Jan 1994)

1j) Maria del Carmen Fitzjames-Stuart y Gomez Marquesa de Valle de Paloma (b.28 Feb 1945); m.1964 Javier de Soto y Lopez-Doriga (b.1936)

1k) Javier de Soto y Fitzjames-Stuart (b.1964);[? m.London 12 Feb 1997 Isabelle Sartorius y Zorraquin (b.Madrid 20 Jan 1965); NOTE: some sources say that this marriage never actually occurred, and that there is no legal proof that it did. The religious wedding which the two had which the couple had announced for 2001 was cancelled.]; m.Guadalperal 18 Oct 2003 María Chávarri Figueroa

1l) Mencia de Soto y Sartorius (b.Madrid 25 Jul 1997)

2l) Sol de Soto y Chávarri (b.Madrid 24 Apr 2004)

3l) Alvaro Jacobo de Soto y Chávarri (b.Madrid 24 Apr 2006)

2k) Eugenia de Soto y Fitzjames-Stuart, b.1965; m.1992 Jaime Patiño Mitjans

1l) Jacobo Patiño Soto, b.1996

2l) Diego Patiño Soto, b.1999

3k) Jacobo de Soto y Fitzjames-Stuart (1967-1994)

4k) Hernando de Soto y Fitzjames-Stuart, b.1972; m.Santander 29 May 2004 Maria Soto-Yarritu Villasevil

2j) Maria Eugenia Fitzjames-Stuart y Gomez Cdsa de Castroponce (b.1 Mar 1946); m.Juan Carlos de las Barcenas y von Franz

1k) Miguel de las Barcenas y Fitzjames-Stuart, b.Madrid 1 Jun 1968

2k) Hernando de las Barcenas y Fitzjames-Stuart, b.Madrid 11 Dec 1970

3k) Esteban de las Barcenas y Fitzjames-Stuart, b.Madrid 29 Nov 1975

3j) Jacobo Hernando Fitzjames-Stuart y Gomez Duque de Penaranda (b.Nov 1947)

4j) Luis Esteban Fitzjames-Stuart y Gomez Marques de Valderrabanos (b.1950); m.1st 1968 Gertrudis Berlanga y Pérez de Andujar (b.1953); m.2nd Maria Calleja y Cervantes (b.1951)

1k) Maria Iraida Fitzjames-Stuart y Berlanga, b.1968; m.1989 Ludovic Simon

2k) Maria Fitzjames-Stuart y Calleja, b.1974

3k) Dafne Cloé Fitzjames-Stuart y Calleja, b.1977

2g) Maria de la Asuncion Rosalia Joaquina Fitzjames-Stuart y Palafox Duquesa de Calisteo (Paris 17 Aug 1851-14 Sep 1927); m.Madrid 20 Oct 1873 José Mesia y Cayesa de los Cobos Duque de Tamames (Madrid 16 May 1853-Madrid 25 May 1917)
3g) Maria Luisa Fitzjames-Stuart y Palafox (19 Oct 1853-9 Feb 1876); m.2 Oct 1875 Luis Fernandez de Cordoba y Perez de Barrados Duque de Medinaceli (d.14 May 1879)

2f) Enrique Fitzjames-Stuart y Ventimiglia Cde de Galve (5 Oct 1826-28 Apr 1882); m.4 Nov 1871 Adelaide Basilewskya (18 Nov 1842- )
3f) Luis Fernando Fitzjames-Stuart y Ventimiglia (4 Oct 1833-3 May 1836)

2d) Maria Francisca Ferdinanda Teresa Anna Fitzjames-Stuart y Stolberg-Gedern (22 Mar 1775-22 Sep 1852)

3b) Pedro Fitzjames-Stuart y Colón de Portugal Marques de San Leonardo (6 Nov 1720-23 Jul 1791)

4b) Catalina Fitzjames-Stuart y Colón de Portugal (21 Apr 1723-1724)

5b) Ventura Fitzjames-Stuart y Colón de Portugal (21 Apr 1724- ); m.Maria Josefa Gagigal Monserrat

1c) Mariano Jacobo Fitzjames-Stuart y Gagigal (8 Sep 1765- )

6b) Maria Guadalupe Fitzjames-Stuart y Colón de Portugal (3 May 1725-11 Dec 1750); m.11 Oct 1740 Francesco Maria Pico Duca di Mirandola (1688-1747)

2a) Henry James Fitzjames Duc de Fitzjames (15 Nov 1702-13 Oct 1721); m.10 Feb 1720 Victoire Félicité de Durfort (1706-17 Oct 1753)

3a) Henriette de Fitzjames (16 Sep 1705-3 Jul 1739); m.7 Nov 1722 Louis de Clermont d'Amboise Marquis de Reynel et de Montglas (Paris 12 Oct 1702-Paris 18 Sep 1761)

4a) François Fitzjames, Bp of Soissons (9 Jun 1709-19 Jul 1764)

5a) Henry Fitzjames, Gov of Limousin (8 Sep 1711-1731)

6a) Charles de Fitzjames Duc de Fitzjames, Gov of Limousin, etc (4 Nov 1712-22 Mar 1787); m.1 Feb 1741 Victoire Louise Josèphe Gouyon de Matignon de Gace (9 Aug 1722-2 Aug 1777)

1b) Anne Marie Félicité Josèphe de Fitzjames (Dec 1741-21 Feb 1742)

2b) Jacques Charles de Fitzjames Duc de Fitzjames (26 Nov 1743-11 Aug 1805); m.10 Jan 1769 Marie Claudine Silvie de Thiard de Bisey (1752/3-10 Jun 1812)

1c) Henriette Victoire de Fitzjames (11 Oct 1770-26 Jul 1809); m.23 Aug 1784 Charles François Armand de Maillé de La Tour Landry Duc de Maillé (d.5 Jan 1837)

2c) Charles Jean de Fitzjames (25 Jun 1773- )

3c) Edoaurd de Fitzjames, Duc de Fitzjames (10 Jan 1776-15 Nov 1838); m.1st 2 May 1797 Elisabeth Alexandrine Le Vassor de la Touche de Longpré (1775-1816); m.2d 6 Dec 1819 Antoinette Françoise Sidonie de Choiseul (13 Nov 1777-4 Mar 1862)

1d) Antoinette Alexandrine Claudine de Fitzjames (b.6 Oct 1799, d.after 4 Nov 1837)

2d) Jacques Marie Emanuel de Fitzjames, Duc de Fitzjames (18 Apr 1803-10 Jun 1846); m.18 May 1826 Marguerite de Marmier (1807-15 Oct 1888)

1e) Jacqueline Arabelle de Fitzjames (Paris 25 Feb 1827-22 Jan 1903); m.8 May 1847 Scipione Pr Borghese Duca Salviati (Paris 23 Jun 1823-Rome 15 Jun 1892)

2e) Edouard Antoine Sidoine de Fitzjames, Duc de Fitzjames (Paris 20 Jun 1828- Montjustin 24 Sep 1906); m.Paris 14 May 1851 Augusta Marie Marguerite Löwenhielm (Paris 27 Jul 1830-Montjustin 19 Mar 1915)

1f) Jacques Gustave Sidoine de Fitzjames, Duc de Fitzjames (Paris 10 Feb 1852- Guizy 12 Mar 1944); m.Marseille 15 Jan 1902 Emma Maria Gandouard de Magny (Toulon 8 Nov 1846-Marseille 27 Feb 1919)

2f) Françoise de Fitzjames (22 Aug 1853-16 Dec 1907); m.14 Oct 1873 Eléonor de Turenne d'Aynac (d.10 Nov 1913)

3f) Marie Yolande de Fitzjames (Paris 28 May 1855-Montjustin 16 Aug 1925); m.1st Paris 23 Jun 1874 Henri de Cassaigne de Beaufort de Miramon (Paris 17 Nov 1851-Saint-Germain-en-Laye 24 Jun 1887); m.2d St.Antonin 12 Jan 1890 Géorges de Vaulchier (Besançon24 Jan 1859-St.Antonin 28 Jun 1894)

4f) Henri Marie de Fitzjames (Paris 25 Jan 1857-Geneva 29 Aug 1924); m.1st Paris 15 May 1884 (div 1897) Adèle Marie Viane de Gontaut-Biron (Paris 8 Jun 1864- Versailles 3 Nov 1902); m.2d Paris 8 Oct 1907 Jeanne Carolibe Henriette Collignon (Nancy 11 Jun 1862-Geneva 19__)

3e) Gabrielle Lara de Fitzjames (20 Feb 1830- )

4e) Charlotte Marie de Fitzjames (5 Mar 1831-3 Feb 1905); m.7 May 1849 Etienne Charles de Gontaut-Biron (5 Jul 1818-9 Jan 1871)

5e) Henri de Fitzjames (19 Aug 1834- )

6e) Marie Antoinette de Fitzjames (8 Jun 1837-22 Jan 1865); m.17 Jul 1862 Athanase de Charette de la Contrie Baron de Charette (Nantes 18 Sep 1832-9 Oct 1911)

7e) Charles de Fitzjames (Paris 13 Apr 1840-Paris 18 Nov 1894); m.21 Apr 1885 Fanny Marie Barron (Horley 17 Jul 1862-Paris 31 Jan 1896)

1f) Jacques de Fitzjames, Duc de Fitzjames (Paris 3 Apr 1886-Trouville 19 Jan 1967); m.Trouville 18 Jan 1928 Charlotte Lebedel (Villers-sur-Mer 12 Feb 1881- Trouville 24 May 1971)

8e) Louis de Fitzjames (d.6 Sep 1846)

3d) Henri Charles François de Fitzjames (7 Mar 1805-Paris 28 Mar 1883); m.Rome 12 Mar 1833 Cécile de Poilly (15 Oct 1814-22 Oct 1856)

1e) Jacques Charles Edouard de Fitzjames (Paris 3 Feb 1834-Château Cannes-Ecluse 30 Nov 1913); m.Paris 25 Apr 1866 Madeleine Dulong de Rosnay (25 Jun 1845-Château Cannes-Ecluse 1 Nov 1913)

1f) Etienne de Fitzjames (24 Dec 1878-27 Aug 1908)

2f) Edouard de Fitzjames (Paris 8 Oct 1880-Nice 26 Mar 1914); m.Paris 6 Jul 1904 Sylviane Finot (Paris 28 Feb 1884-Paris 9 May 1913)

1g) Hélène Marie Madeleine Arabelle de Fitzjames (b.Arcachon 25 Apr 1906); m.Paris 26 Apr 1927 Louis de Cassaigne de Beaufort de Miramon-Pesteils (Paris 24 Apr 1901-Hyères 16 Aug 1941)

2e) Robert Charles Henri de Fitzjames (25 Jun 1835-23 Sep 1900); m.15 May 1886 Rosalie von Gutmann (20 Feb 1862-25 Sep 1923)

3e) Elisabeth Marie de Fitzjames (1836/7-6 Jun 1866); m.22 Jan 1859 Charles de Biéncourt (d.2 Sep 1914)

4e) David Henri de Fitzjames (1 Feb 1840-20 Jun 1891); m.29 Dec 1886 Emmeline Doyen (16 Feb 1828-Sep 1902)

5e) François de Fitzjames (2 May 1842-28 Oct 1880)

3b) Laure Auguste de Fitzjames (Paris 7 Dec 1744-Paris 26 Sep 1814); m.28 Sep 1762 Philippe Gabriel Maurice d'Alsace de Hénin-Liétard Pr de Chimay (12 Sep 1736-24 Jul 1804)

4b) Adélaïde de Fitzjames (27 Jan 1746-25 Aug 1747)

5b) Charles Ferdinand de Fitzjames (7 Sep 1747- )

6b) Edouard Henri de Fitzjames (30 Sep 1750-1 Dec 1823)

7b) Emilie de Fitzjames (22 Dec 1753- )

7a) Laure Anne de Fitzjames (1713-6 Dec 1766); m.11 Mar 1732 Timoléon Joachim Louis de Montagu Beaune Marquis de Bouzols (d.29 Apr 1747)

8a) Marie Emilie de Fitzjames (9 Oct 1715-3 Jan 1770); m.4 Sep 1736 François Marie de Perusse Cte des Cars (d.1759)

9a) Edouard de Fitzjames (17 Oct 1716-Köln 5 May 1758)

10a) Anne Sophie de Fitzjames (1717/8-25 Apr 1763)

11a) Anne de Fitzjames (1720-23 May 1721)



THE PRINCELY AND DUCAL HOUSE
OF BÉTHUNE-HESDIGNEUL
EUGÈNE François Léon Cte de Béthune-Hesdigneul, cr 6 Sep 1781 Pr de Béthune-Hesdigneul, cr Duc-Pair 1818 (30 Jul 1746-17 Aug 1823); m.1st 1 Jun 1772 Albertine le Vaillant (20 Jun 1750-21 Mar 1789); m.2d 1 Mar 1791 Charlotte Bidal d'Asfeld (d.30 Oct 1816)
1a) Marie Josèphe Charlotte (12 Mar 1773-17 Sep 1827); m.16 Apr 1795 Louis Gabriel Théodore Cte de Beaurepaire (16 Oct 1765-4 May 1844)

2a) MAXIMILIEN Guillaume Auguste Pr de Béthune-Hesdigneul (17 Sep 1774-10 Jan 1856); m.18 May 1802 Adelaide Octavie le Desnoys de Quémadeuc (1 Jan 1781-17 Jul 1860)

1b) Louise Augustine Leonie (28 Apr 1804-24 Jul 1858)

3a) ALBERT Marie Joseph Omer Charles Eugène Maximilien Pr de Béthune-Hesdigneul (7 Mar 1776-Wattripont 26 Jun 1868); m.16 Nov 1807 Denise des Courtils (18 Oct 1783-10 Apr 1844)

1b) ALBERT Maximilien Joseph Amaury Pr de Béthune-Hesdigneul (10 Jan 1809-La Villetartre 6 Dec 1881); m.Paris 20 Jun 1844 Caroline de Domecq (1825-22 Dec 1907)

1c) MAXIMILIEN Marie Joseph Albert Pierre Félix Pr de Béthune-Hesdigneul (26 Nov 1858-26 Nov 1886)

2b) Henri Maximilien Joseph Amaury (30 Nov 1811-24 Oct 1884); m.8 Jan 1840 Louise Marie Flaminia Doria (2 Jan 1805-12 Aug 1863)

1c) Hippolyte Marie Dieudonné HENRY Pr de Béthune-Hesdigneul [title enrolled in Belgium 1888] (Paris 6 Jun 1848-Gremevillers par Songeons 13 Mar 1933)

4a) Marie Amé Bernard Antoine Joseph Eugène Maximilien (Tournai 2 Jul 1777-Tournai 28 Oct 1835); m.Tournai 17 Jan 1797 Marie Joséphine de Steenhuys (Ypres 13 Apr 1773-Tournai 28 Oct 1827)

1b) Eugène Adolphe (Tournai 19 Mar 1798-Verviers 6 Aug 1852); m.Bruges 8 May 1821 Adelaide Mathilde Ghislaine Isabelle Marie de Penaranda (Bruges 4 Jun 1800-Assebroek 28 Jul 1846)

1c) Eugène Ghislain Marie Joseph (Bruges 16 Feb 1822-Vanves, Seine 25 Apr 1864)

2c) Alphonsine Joséphine Marie Ghislaine (Bruges 13 Apr 1823-26 Aug 1823)

3c) Edmond Maximilien Joseph Ghislain (Bruges 30 Apr 1827-2 Aug 1840)

4c) Emma Ferdinande Marie Joséphine Ghislaine (Bruges 20 Jun 1830-Paris 16 Oct 1889); m.Paris 30 Jun 1853 Marie Charles Félix Cte de Bréda (22 Jul 1811-Paris 12 Oct 1872)

5c) Hector Albert Marie Joseph Ghislain (Bruges 18 Mar 1832-Ohey 24 Dec 1914); m.Ohey 11 Nov 1867 Marie Caroline Augustine Isabelle de Maillen (Château de Ry, Mohiville 28 Jan 1849-Brussels 3 Mar 1930)

1d) AUGUSTE Albert Ferdinand Marie Ghislain Pr de Béthune-Hesdigneul [title enrolled in Belgium 13 Jul 1932, by primogeniture] (Brussels 12 Sep 1868-Brussels 21 Mar 1933); m.1st Vierset-Barse 28 Jul 1891 Anne Baronne d'Overschie de Neerysche (Huccorgne 29 Oct 1871-Louvaine 8 Aug 1908); m.2d Neeryssche 23 Aug 1909 Marguerite de Neuchâtel (Louvaine 11 Jul 1886-Brussels 24 May 1945)

1e) Eléonore Anne Marie Ghislaine (Ohey 12 Jul 1892-Brussels 1 Jul 1978); m.Brussels 29 Sep 1919 Romain Cte de Diesbach de Belleroche (Hendecourt 5 Nov 1891-Hendecourt 24 Apr 1934)

2e) Blanche Antonia Marie Ghislaine (Brussels 25 Feb 1895-Louvaine 26 Jan 1906)

3e) ROBERT Antoine Louis Ferdinand Auguste Pr de Béthune-Hesdigneul (Louvaine 12 Dec 1900-Woluwe-St.-Lambert 26 Sep 1943); m.1st Brussels (civ) 19 Jul 1932 (rel) 20 Jul 1932 (div 1937) Elise Cragin Kay (New York 27 Apr 1910-Cannes 2 Feb 1968); m.2d Ohey 4 Nov 1939 Eugénie Ghislaine Liesse (b.Opprebais 26 Aug 1903)

4e) Éliane Caroline Blanche Cécile Marie Ghislaine (Neerijse 20 Jun 1910-l'Epine, Vendée 28 Jun 1977); m.1st Ixelles 13 Jul 1934 (div 1947) Hervé Cte du Monceau de Bergendael (Ixelles 13 Apr 1910-Uccle 20 Jan 1977); m.2d Monaco 11 Aug 1947 Sten Peter van Sivers (Sundsvall, Sweden 14 Apr 1894-Noirmoutier 19__)

5e) MAXIMILIEN Hector Arthur Auguste Marie Ghislain Pr de Béthune-Hesdigneul (Neerijse 18 Jul 1913-Brussels 16 Nov 1976); m.(civ) Tervuren 8 Oct 1955 (rel) Brussels 2 Nov 1955 Geneviève Husquin (Etampes 12 Feb 1914-Uccle 31 Oct 1997)

1f) Axel Marie Ghislaine (Uccle 21 May 1956-Cannes 1 Sep 1974)

2d) Adolphe Albert Joseph Marie Ghislain [title of Comte enrolled in Belgium 25 Mar 1929, by primogeniture] (Brussels 22 Apr 1871-Brussels 25 Dec 1951); m.Brussels 30 May 1905 Marie Louise de Ghellinck d'Elseghem Vaernewyck (Brussels 30 Dec 1882-Wattripont 3 Apr 1955)

1e) Ghislaine Louise Mahaut Marie Josèphe Colette (Brussels 12 Apr 1906-Nice 15 Jul 1989); m.Aix-en-Provence 15 Dec 1931 Roger Michotte de Welle (Berlin 13 Feb 1895- Nice 5 Jun 1965)

2e) Eugène Amaury Marie Ghislain (Flostoy 12 Aug 1910-Renaix 10 Dec 1965); m.1st Durbuy (civ) 19 Aug 1935 (rel) 20 Aug 1935 Claude Cts d'Ursel (Brussels 18 Jan 1911- Etterbeek 11 Aug 1938); m.2d St.-Léger-sous-Beuvray (civ) 31 Jan 1940 (rel) 1 Feb 1940 Geneviève d'Anglejan (La Bazoge, Manche 2 Jul 1919-Le Mesnil Durand, Calvados 20 Jul 2002)

1f) Alix Marie Adolphine Henriette Ghislaine (Etterbeek 30 Nov 1936-Etterbeek 1 Dec 1936)

2f) Françoise Henriette Adolphine Marie Louise Ghislaine Josèphe (Etterbeek 5 Aug 1938-Nil-St.Vincent 28 Apr 1973); m.Wattripont (civ) 25 May 1960 (rel) 28 May 1960 (div 1969) Gaétan Chevalier de Ghellinck d'Elseghem Vaernewyck (b.Elsegem 23 Jul 1937)

3f) Claude Marie Louise Bernadette Ghislaine (b.Le Creusot 4 Jan 1941); m.Wattripont (civ) 6 Jul 1962 (rel) 7 Jul 1962 Gérard de Lésquen de Plessis Casso (b.Brest 10 Nov 1933)

4f) Sabine Charlotte Marie Josèphe (b.Le Creusot 30 May 1942); m.(civ) Lille 29 Mar 1966 (rel) Marcq-en-Baroeul 30 Mar 1966 François Grailles (b.Marquillies 9 Sep 1939)

5f) HENRI Marie Ghislain Pr de Béthune-Hesdigneul (b.Le Creusot 6 Apr 1945); m.(civ) Maizeret 27 Jan 1971 (rel) Auderghem 29 Jan 1971 Agnes van der Straeten (b.Etterbeek 1 Aug 1948)

1g) Catherine Géraldine Marie Eugénie (b.Jemappes 1 Jul 1971); m.Frasnes-lez-Anvaing 7 Aug 1993 (rel) Durbuy 28 Aug 1993 Tanguy Cte d'Ursel (b.Etterbeek 11 Jan 1962)

2g) Eléonore Mahaut Paule Albane Marie (b.Uccle 18 Feb 1973)

3g) Augustin Dieudonné Maximilien Philippe Geneviève Marie Ghislain (b.Woluwé-Saint-Lambert 27 Jun 1984)

6f) Thierry Jacques Ghislain (Renaix 6 Dec 1947-Wattripont 27 Dec 1961)

7f) Bernard Marie Hermès Ghislain (b.Renaix 2 Jun 1955)

3e) Albert Marie Joseph Ghislain [title of Comte enrolled in Belgium 16 Aug 1968, by primogeniture] (Sorinne-la-Longue 22 Sep 1916-Feb 1986); m.1st Perk 15 Oct 1946 Danielle Marie Madeleine Christyn Css de Ribaucourt (Perk 22 Sep 1921- Perk 18 Aug 1947); m.2d Brussels (civ) 31 May 1950 (rel) 6 Jun 1950 Geneviève Css du Chastel de la Howarderie (St.Michel-de-Livet 21 Feb 1912-Brussels 24 Sep 1959); m.3d Bourges 31 Jul 1961 Jacqueline de Bengy Puyvallée (Saine-Solange 29 Apr 1917-Versailles 17 Mar 1993)

1f) Mahaut Adolphine Marie Joseph Ghislaine (b.Brussels 12 Apr 1951); m.Etterbeek (civ) 26 Jan 1974 (rel) 16 Feb 1974 François Baron Bonaert (b.Etterbeek 1 Nov 1948)

2f) Isabelle Bernadette Marie Joseph Ghislain (b.Brussels 8 Apr 1952); m.Leefdaal (civ) 9 Jul 1974 (rel) 12 Jul 1974 Thiery Cte de Liederkerke (b.Louvaine 23 Jan 1948)

3f) Philippe Amaury Anne Charles Marie Joseph Ghislain (b.Brussels 24 Sep 1959); m.Maulde, Belgium 25 May 1991 Dominique Marie Ghislaine Cossé de Maulde (b.Tournai 12 Apr 1961)

1g) Charles Benoît Albert Joseph Ghislain (b.Namur 14 July 1992)

2g) Gatien François Claire Armand Joseph Ghislain (b.Namur 30 Aug 1994)

3g) Hugues Donatien Humbert Joseph Marie Ghislain (b.Namur 8 Nov 1996)

3d) Isabelle Victoire Séraphine Marie Ghislaine (Brussels 3 Jan 1874-Brussels 18 Mar 1952); m.Ohey 9 Aug 1898 Léopold Victor Marie Ghislain Ignace Baron de Moreau (Wierde 30 Oct 1872-Court-St.-Etienne 28 Mar 1942)

4d) Adelaide Emma Léontine Marie Ghislaine (Brussels 20 Mar 1876-Ohey 3 Nov 1918)

5d) Marie Léontine Antoinette Joseph Ghislaine (Ohey 17 Jun 1877-Brussels 10 Apr 1944)

2b) Josephe Georgine Antoinette (Tournai 1 Apr 1800-Ypres 17 Feb 1874); m.Tournai 15 Apr 1822 Camille Frédéric Cte d'Ennetières d'Hust (Tournai 22 Apr 1797-Elverdinge 27 Jan 1867)

3b) Maximilien Guillaume Auguste Albert Marquis de Béthune-Hesdigneul [title of Marquis enrolled in Belgium 12 Feb 1848, by primogeniture] (Tournai 20 Mar 1802- Elverdinge 6 Jun 1884); m.Tournai 19 Aug 1824 Victorine Charlotte Ghislaine de Steenhuys (Brussels 25 Jun 1805-Elverdinge 6 Oct 1865)

1c) Eugénie Thérèse Colette Ghislaine (Brussels 10 Jun 1825-Tournai 27 Nov 1843)

2c) Euphémie Joséphine Ghislaine (Brussels 24 May 1826-Elverdinge 19 Nov 1895); m.La Hulpe 20 Nov 1848 (rel) 21 Nov 1848 Victor Théodore Joseph Cte d'Ennetières d'Hust (Tournai 23 Dec 1826-Elverdinge 9 Dec 1908)

3c) Ferdinande Albertine Ghislaine (Brussels 10 Nov 1827-Paris 26 Jun 1891); m.Brussels 22 Jan 1859 Augustin Léon du Chemin de Chasseval (Gien, Loiret 28 Nov 1815-La Buillière 4 Jul 1903)

4c) Albert Philippe Ghislain Idesbalde (Brussels 23 Jul 1829-Ghent 22 Nov 1852)

5a) Maximilien Louis Philippe Joseph Eugène (14 Sep 1778-21 Aug 1779)

6a) Philippe Joseph François Eugène Maximilien Cte de Béthune (Tournai 14 Jan 1780-Compiègne 3 Jun 1859); m.Compiègne 16 Dec 1805 Lucie de Lancry (Beauvais 18 Oct 1786-Reims 2 Jul 1862)

1b) Eulalie Charlotte Julie (16 Mar 1808-17 Oct 1853); m.23 Jul 1833 Auguste de Goujon Marquis de Thuisy (d.29 Dec 1836)

2b) Léon Maximilien Hippolyte (Compiègne 18 Jan 1810-Paris 30 Jun 1895); m.Paris 16 Aug 1841 Marie Mathilde Montgomery (New Orleans 1821-Paris 27 Apr 1889)

1c) Marie Eugénie Louise (27 Sep 1843-31 Oct 1915); m.20 Feb 1867 André Dominique Marquis de Couronnel (d.19 Jul 1906)

2c) Maximilien Conon (Paris 30 Sep 1846-Territet, Switzerland 25 Feb 1930); m.Paris 7 Jun 1882 Marie Marguerite de Montesquiou-Fesensac (Paris 20 Mar 1859-Paris 11 Jul 1900)

1d) Alix Marie Mahaut (Paris 20 Mar 1883-Lausanne 2 Jun 1929); m.Paris 28 Oct 1907 Pierre Thomas Cte de Pange (Versailles 2 Aug 1875-1946)

2d) Mahaut Marie Maximilienne (Paris 31 Mar 1884-Cannes 26 May 1965); m.Paris 24 Jan 1910 (div) Henri Marquis de Chabannes (Chevry en Sereine 12 Feb 1883-Bayonne 24 Jul 1974)

3b) Albine Charlotte Gabrielle (27 Jan 1811-20 Jan 1882); m.25 Apr 1835 Frédéric de Chinot Vcte de Fromessant

4b) Gaston Maximilien Louis Eugène Victor (Compiègne 15 Sep 1813-Paris 18 Jun 1891); m.Mézières 21 Jun 1843 Henriette de Jaubert (d.Nice 23 Apr 1880)

1c) Henri (4 May 1844-29 Apr 1878)

2c) Marguerite (Mézières 26 Apr 1850- ); m.Mézières 22 Jun 1871 Amable d'Auvergne (d.1 Oct 1914)

7a) Joséphine Félicité Adelaide Julie Clotilde Sophie (25 Apr 1782-15 Jan 1847); m.2 May 1807 Auguste Baron le Clément de Taintegnies (d.19 Mar 1818)

8a) Félix Ferdinand François Philippe (5 Feb 1783-15 May 1870); m.1 Aug 1805 Maria Justina Katharina Bss Taets van Ameringen (12 Dec 1781-4 Nov 1869)



THE DUCAL HOUSE OF BIRON VON CURLAND
The members of this family bear the title Prince
or Princess Biron von Curlandor Kurland -
Courland together with Serene Highness.

ERNST JOHANN von Biron, cr Reichsgraf 1733, became Duke of Kurland (Courland) and Semgallen 1737, Regent and Prime Minister of Russia 1740 (Kalnzeem 23 Nov 1690-Mitau 29 Dec 1772); m.Mitau 25 Feb 1723 Benigna Gottlieb von Trotha gt Treyden (15 Oct 1703-Mitau 5 Nov 1782)

1a) PETER, Duke von Kurland 1772-95, Duke von Sagan 1786 (Mitau 15 Feb 1724-Schloß Gellenau 13 Jan 1800); m.1st Arolsen 15 Oct 1765 (div 1772) Karoline Pss zu Waldeck u.Pyrmont (Arolsen 14 Aug 1748-Lausanne 18 Aug 1782) NOTE: sic, per Europäische Stammtafeln, Band I.3 (2000); this marriage is not mentioned in the l'Allemagne Dynastique article on Waldeck; m.2d 6 Mar 1774 (div 1778) Pss Eudoxia Yusupova (16 May 1743-St.Petersburg 19 Jul 1780); m.3d Mitau 6 Nov 1779 Dorothea Gfn von Medem (Mesothen, Courland 3 Feb 1761-Löbichau 20 Aug 1821)

1b) Katharina Friederike Wilhelmine, Dss von Sagan (Mitau 8 Feb 1781-Vienna 29 Nov 1839); m.1st Sagan 23 Jun 1800 (div 1805) Jules, Pr de Rohan-Guéméné (d.13 Jan 1836); m.2d Dresden 5 May 1805 (div 1806) Pr Vassili Trubetzkoi (d.1841); m.3d Löbichau 8 Oct 1818 Carl Rudolf Gf von der Schulenburg (d.Schloß Sagan 4 Oct 1856)

2b) Marie Luise Pauline (Mitau 19 Feb 1782-Vienna 8 Jan 1845); m.Prague 26 Feb 1800 Friedrich Fst von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (Namur 22 Jul 1776-Schloß Lindich 13 Sep 1838)

3b) Johanna Catharine (Mitau 24 Jun 1783-Löbichau 11 Apr 1876); m.Dresden 18 Mar 1801 (div 1806) Francesco Pignatelli Duca di Acerenza (d.1840)

4b) Peter (Würzau, Courland 26 Jan 1787-Würzau 25 Mar 1790)

5b) Johanna Dorothea, Dss von Sagan (Berlin 21 Aug 1793-Sagan 19 Sep 1862); m.Aschaffenburg 24 Apr 1809 Edmund de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de Dino, Duc de Talleyrand (d.Florence 14 May 1872)

2a) Hedwig Elisabeth (Mitau 4 Jul 1727-Dorpat 31 Mar 1793); m.25 Nov 1759 Baron Aleksander Tscherkassov (d.Smolensk 1788)

3a) Carl Ernst, cr Prinz Biron von Curland (11 Oct 1728-Königsberg 16 Oct 1801); m.Dubno 18 Feb 1778 Apollonia Lodzia-Poninska (Vresno 4 Feb 1760-St.Petersburg 24 Jul 1800)

1b) Benigna (30 Dec 1778-13 Aug 1779)

2b) Gustav Kalixt (29 Jan 1780-Bad Ems 20 Jun 1821); m.8 Sep 1806 Franziska Gfn von Maltzahn (Dt.-Lissa 23 Sep 1790-Dyherrnfurth 25 Mar 1849)

1c) Louise (30 May 1808-Braunschweig 14 Aug 1845); m.Dyherrnfurth 30 May 1829 Alfred Gf von Hohenthal (d.Döbernitz 16 Nov 1860)
2c) Laura Franziska Johanna Antonia (15 Aug 1810-31 Jul 1811)

3c) Carl (13 Dec 1811-Breslau 21 Mar 1848); m.Oberkassel 26 Feb 1833 Agnes Gfn zur Lippe-Biesterfeld (Köln 30 Apr 1810-Breslau 21 Apr 1884)

4c) Antoinette (17 Jan 1813-6 Jan 1882); m.29 Oct 1834 Lasar Jakimovic Frhr von Lasarev (d.26 Oct 1871)

5c) Franziska (Fanny) (Breslau 1 Apr 1815-Berlin 25 Dec 1888); m.25 Jun 1850 Hermann von Boyen (d.Jena 18 Feb 1886)

6c) Calixt (Schleise bei Wartenberg 3 Jan 1817-Wartenberg 8 Mar 1882); m.Oscheikino 6 Aug 1845 Pss Jelena Mestscherskaja (St.Petersburg 14 Jan 1820-Wartenberg 7 Oct 1905)

1d) Gustav Peter Johannes (Dresden 17 Oct 1859-Wartenberg 8 Jan 1941); m.1st Triefenstein 20 Jun 1885 Adele zu Pss Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg (Kreuzwertheim 24 Mar 1866- Groß-Wartenberg 15 Oct 1890); m.2d Paris 29 Jul 1902 Françoise Levisse de Montigny de Jaucourt (Paris 23 Dec 1874-Munich 6 Jul 1957)

1e) Karl Peter François Andreas Alexander (Wartenberg 15 Jun 1907-Munich 28 Feb 1982); m.Potsdam (civ) 15 Aug 1938 (rel) 16 Aug 1938 Herzeleide Pss of Prussia (Bristow 25 Dec 1918-Munich 22 Mar 1989)

1f) Viktoria Benigna Ina-Marie Cecilie Friederike-Luise Helene (b.Schloß Wartenberg 2 Jul 1939); m.Munich (civ) 3 May 1968 (rel) 6 May 1968 (div 1993) Johann Frhr von Twickel (b.Berlin 25 Jul 1940)

1g) Nikolaus Frhr von Twickel (b.Munich 1 Apr 1969); m.Potsdam 14 Sep 2001 Georgia Fischer (b.Stuttgart 24 Jun 1969)

1h) Constantin Philipp Ludwig Friedrich Frhr von Twickel, b.1 Nov 2002

2h) Benedikta Frn von Twickel, b.31 Jul 2005

2g) Tassilo Frhr von Twickel (b.Munich 8 Dec 1976)

2f) Ernst-Johann Karl Oskar Eitel-Friedrich Peter Burchard (b.Berlin 6 Aug 1940); m.Munich (civ) 14 Aug 1967 (rel) 15 Aug 1967 Elisabeth Gfn zu Ysenburg- Philippseich (b.Rome 9 Dec 1941)

3f) Michael Karl August Wilhelm (b.Groß Wartenberg 20 Jan 1944); m.Munich (civ) 1 Jul 1969 (rel) 2 Jul 1969 Kristin von Oertzen (b.Liessow 6 Nov 1944)

1g) Veronika (b.Munich 23 Jan 1970); m.7 Oct 2006 Christoph Carl

2g) Alexander (b.Munich 18 Sep 1972); m.Bernried 16 Aug 2003 (rel) 4 Oct 2003 Michaela Gfn Strachwitz v.Groß-Zauche u.Camminetz (b.Starnber 19 Mar 1979)

3g) Stephanie (b.Munich 24 Sep 1975)

2e) Helene Elisabeth Martha Wilhelmine Friederike (Wartenberg 2 Dec 1908-Paris 14 May 1950); m.New York 7 Mar 1950 Stephan Fournel de Beauvoir du Rouvre (Alleyras 16 Mar 1918-St.Etienne/Loire 14 Jan 1995)

3e) Friedrich-Franz Christian Wolf Calixt (Wartenberg 18 Apr 1910-Bonn-Bad Godesberg 15 Apr 1997); m.Puschine (civ) 19 Jul 1933 (rel) 20 Jul 1933 Maria-Irmgard Gfn von Ballestrem (Breslau 28 Feb 1908-Bad Godesberg 5 Aug 1993)

1f) Franz Calixt Gustav Friedrich Erdmann (b.Ober-Langendorf 5 Jul 1934); m.(civ) Dabringhausen 18 Apr 1963 (rel) Bonn 20 Jul 1963 Gustava Bss von Brockdorff (b.Warsaw 31 Mar 1939)

1g) Isabella (Bonn 24 May 1965-Bonn 26 May 1965)

2g) Marcus Friedrich-Gustav Nikolaus Ernst-Johann (b.Bonn 29 Nov 1967)

3g) Johannes (Bonn 9 Oct 1968-Bonn 14 Oct 1968)

4g) Calixta Johanna Margarethe Viktoria Sophie Elisabeth (b.Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler 31 Jan 1975); m.Weimar 27 May 2006 Christian Georg Fuchs

2f) Dorothea Franziska Maria-Klara Auguste Irmgard Anna (b.Ober-Langendorf 27 Jul 1935); m.Dabringhausen (civ) 4 Apr 1961 (rel) 16 May 1961 Karl Michael Frhr von Aretin (b.Vagen 23 May 1924)

3f) Friedrich-Carl Johannes Detlev Franz (b.Ober-Langendorf 9 Mar 1938); m.Munich (civ) 9 May 1969 (rel) 18 Jul 1969 Ingrid Farnsteiner (b.Köln 10 Jan 1938)

1g) Annina Franziska Beatrix (b.Munich 6 Sep 1974); m.St.Joseph, Barbados 29 Dec 2000 Christian Thierfelder (b.Tegernsee 8 Jun 1961)

4f) Irmgard Gustava Sophie Helene Christiane Herzeleide Maria Anna (b.Breslau 18 Nov 1939); m.Munich 10 Sep 1977 Erich Reinhold Baumann (b.Munich 9 Nov 1944)

5f) Gustav Johannes Thassilo Silvius Leopold (b.Ober-Langendorf 29 Jan 1941); m.(civ) Feldafing 29 Aug 1968 (rel) Andechs 31 Aug 1968 Adelheid Greite (b.Berlin 14 Mar 1943)

1g) Alexandra (b.Munich 26 May 1970)

2g) Franziska (b.Munich 8 Jan 1975)

6f) Benedicta Natalie Johanna (b.Meschede 26 Dec 1946); m.Dabringhausen (civ) 4 Jun 1973 (rel) 14 Jul 1973 (div 1983) Rudolf Konrad Gf von Montgelas Frhr von der Heydte (b.Egglkofen 10 Nov 1939)

4e) Ludwig Gustav (Wartenberg 11 Mar 1912-k.a.11 Apr 1941)

7c) Peter (12 Apr 1818-29 Apr 1852)

3b) Peter Alexis (21 Feb 1781-20 Apr 1809)

4b) Karoline (b.26 Jul 1782, d.young)

5b) Adolf (1 Dec 1783-1789)

6b) Constance (14 Mar 1787-1793)

7b) Luise (25 Jul 1791-8 Mar 1853); m.23 Apr 1816 Joseph Gf Wielohursky (d.28 Aug 1826)

8b) Catharina (15 Sep 1792-31 Jan 1813); m.1812 Joseph Gf Wielohursky (d.28 Apr 1826)



THE PRINCELY HOUSE OF BISMARCK

The members of this family bear the title
Graf or Gräfin von Bismarck-Schönhausen.

Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck (1 April 1815 - 30 July 1898) was a Prussian - German statesman of the late 19th century, and a dominant figure in world affairs. As Ministerpräsident, or Prime Minister, of Prussia from 1862-1890, he oversaw the unification of Germany. In 1867 he became Chancellor of the North German Confederation. He designed the German Empire in 1871, becoming its first Chancellor and dominating its affairs until his dismissal in 1890. His diplomacy of Realpolitik and powerful rule gained him the nickname "The Iron Chancellor".
After his death German nationalists made Bismarck their hero, building hundreds of monuments glorifying the symbol of powerful personal leadership. Historians praised him as a statesman of moderation and balance who was primarily responsible for the unification of the German states into a nation-state. He used balance-of-power diplomacy to keep Europe peaceful in the 1870s and 1880s. He created a new nation with a progressive social policy, a result that went beyond his initial goals as a practitioner of power politics in Prussia. Bismarck, a devout Lutheran who was obedient to his king, promoted government through a strong well-trained bureaucracy with a hereditary monarchy at the top.

Bismarck had recognized early in his political career that the opportunities for national unification would exist and he worked successfully to provide a Prussian structure to the nation as a whole. On the other hand, his Reich of 1871 deliberately restricted democracy, and the anti-Catholic and anti-Socialist legislation that he introduced unsuccessfully in the 1870s and 1880s left a devastating legacy of distrust and fragmentation in German political culture.



The Genealogy of The Princely House
OTTO Eduard Leopold, cr Graf von Bismarck-Schönhausen 1865, Fürst von Bismarck 1871 (Schönhausen 1 Apr 1815-Friedrichsruh 30 Jul 1898); m.Alt-Kolziglow 28 Jul 1847 Johanna von Puttkamer (Viartlum 11 Apr 1824- Varzin 27 Nov 1894)

1a) Marie (21 Aug 1847-8 Feb 1926); m.6 Nov 1878 Kuno Gf zu Rantzau (d.26 Nov 1917)

2a) Nikolaus Heinrich Ferdinand HERBERT Fst von Bismarck (Berlin 28 Dec 1849-Friedrichsruh 18 Sep 1904); m.Vienna 21 Jun 1892 Marguerite Gfn Hoyos (Fiume 20 Sep 1871-Schönau 4 Oct 1945)

1b) Hannah Leopoldine Alice (Schönhausen 22 Nov 1893-12 Jun 1971); m.Friedrichsruh 15 Mar 1915 Leopold von Bredow (Bredow 1875-Lausanne 1 Oct 1933)

2b) Maria Goedela (Schönhausen 4 Mar 1896-Darmstadt 12 Jun 1981); m.Friedrichsruh 11 Mar 1919 Hermann Gf von Keyserling (Könno 20 Jul 1880-Innsbruck 26 Apr 1946)

3b) OTTO Christian Archibald Fst von Bismarck (Schönhausen 25 Sep 1897-Friedrichsruh 24 Dec 1975); m.Berlin 18 Apr 1928 Ann-Mari Tengbom (Stockholm 26 Jul 1907-Marbella 22 Sep 1999)

1c) Mari Ann Christina Mena Alice (London 27 Sep 1929-Hamburg 6 Dec 1981); m.(civ) Friedrichsruh 17 Oct 1952 (rel) Hamburg-Bergedorf 20 Oct 1952 Egbert von Oswald (Hannover 30 Aug 1925-Hamburg 8 Jul 1988)

2c) Herbord Ivar FERDINAND Fst von Bismarck (b.London 22 Nov 1930); m.(civ) Le Zoute, nr Knokke, Belgium 19 Aug 1960 (rel) Berg en Daal, Netherlands 20 Aug 1960 Elisabeth Lippens (b.Uccle 6 May 1939)

1d) Carl-Eduard Otto Wolfgang Jayme Anders (b.Zürich 16 Feb 1961); m.1st (civ) Los Angeles 12 Feb 1987 (rel) Carejes, Mexico 27 Feb 1987 (div 1989) Laura Martinez Herring (b.Mexico 1964); m.2d Geneva (civ) 3 Jun 1997 (rel) 7 Jun 1997 (div) Célia Demaurex (b.19 Oct 1971); m.3d Sep 2004 Nathalie Barlman

1e) Alexeï (b.New York 28 Apr 2006)

2d) Gottfried Alexander Leopold (b.Brussels 19 Sep 1962)

3d) Gregor Archibald Johannes (b.Brussels 4 Aug 1964); m.Monte Solare, Capri 23 Jun 2001 Samantha Della Schiava

1e) Léon (b.28 May 2002)

2e) Otis Ivar Finn (b.La Madonnina, Milan 4 Apr 2007)

4d) Vanessa Patricia Gunilla Clementine (b.Hamburg 26 Mar 1971); m.Aumühle 26 May 2005 (rel) 28 May 2005 Maximilian Weiner

3c) Carl Alexander Guido Otto Leopold (London 20 Feb 1935-Hamburg 19 Dec 1992); m.1st Corvey bei Höxter 15 Sep 1963 (div 1984) Alexandra Pss von Croy (b.Rauden 31 Dec 1941); m.2d Sep 1984 (div) Ulrike Prange

1d) Claudia (b.Hamburg 6 Jul 1964); m.13 Mar 1999 Frank Weyerhäuser Piasecki

4c) Maximilian Viktor Jakob Nikolaus (b.Friedrichsruh 12 Jan 1947); m.Madrid 4 Jul 1981 Barbara Meijer (b.Tanger, Morocco 18 Sep 1958)

1d) Konstantin Ludwig Otto (b.Hamburg-Finkenau 7 Jan 1987)

2d) Victor Alexander Ferdinand (b.Hamburg 6 Jan 1989)

5c) Gunilla Margaretha Rosemarie Katharina Antoinette Yvonne (b.Friedrichsruh 23 Nov 1949); m.Friedrichsruh (civ) 6 Oct 1978 (rel) 7 Oct 1978 (div 1989) Luis Ortiz Moreno (b.Madrid 10 Dec 1944)
6c) Eduard Leopold Otto Philip Wilhelm (b.Lausanne 29 Aug 1951); m.(civ) Aston Rowant UK 31 May 1984 (rel) Oxford 30 Jun 1984 Debonnaire Patterson (b.London 19 Aug 1959)

1d) Nikolai Leopold Archibald (b.London 29 Dec 1986)

2d) Tassilo Valentin Christian (b.London 14 Feb 1989)

3d) Caspar Maximilian Otto (b.London 20 Dec 1991)

4d) Carl Alexander Ludwig John (b.London 4 Feb 1995)

4b) Gottfried Alexander Georg Herbert (Berlin 29 Mar 1901-Verden an der Aller 14 Sep 1949); m.Vienna 16 Mar 1937 Melanie Gfn Hoyos, Frn zu Stichsenstein (Vienna 29 Feb 1916-Verden an der Aller 14 Sep 1949)

1c) Vendeline Luitgard Alice Edmée (Berlin 7 Dec 1937-Alkoven 12 Feb 1968); m.Schwertberg, Upper Austria 21 Jun 1959 Christoph Gf von Ledebur-Wicheln (b.Alkoven 23 Dec 1934)

2c) Johanna Barbara Marguerite (b.Berlin 18 Feb 1939); m.Neuchâtel 8 Feb 1960 Stephen Brooks

3c) Andreas Herbert Alexander (b.Berlin 14 Feb 1941); m.1st Vienna 1 Mar 1965 (div 1974) Olivia Gfn Larisch von Moennich (Roy, Austrian Silesia 14 Oct 1943[-Munich 31 Jul 1974?]); m.2d St.Moritz 31 Jul 1975 Charlotte Kinberg (b.Stockholm 24 Sep 1951)

1d) Christine Maria Alexandra (b.Munich 13 Sep 1965); m.1997 Guy Villax

2d) Tatjana Maria Agnes (b.Munich 13 Jul 1967); m.Zürich 13 Jul 2002 Kurt Liemer

3d) Stephanie Anna Charlotte (b.Munich 24 Nov 1976); m.Bad Reichenhall 12 Feb 2000 Karl Theodor Frhr v.u.zu Guttenberg (b.Munich 5 Dec 1971)

5b) Albrecht Edzard Heinrich Karl (Friedrichsruh 6 Jul 1903-Geneva 16 Oct 1970); m.(civ) Edgewater, New Jersey 5 Jan 1955 (rel) Rome 14 Feb 1956 Mona Travis Strader (Louisville, Kentucky 5 Feb 1899-1986)

3a) Wilhelm Otto Albrecht (Frankfurt 1 Aug 1852-Varzin 30 May 1901); m.Kröchlendorf 6 Jul 1885 Sibylle von Arnim (Berlin 27 Feb 1864-Varzin 5/6 Mar 1945)

1b) Hertha Johanna Marie (Hanau 10 May 1886-Gauting 11 Jun 1954); m.1st Berlin 10 Feb 1909 (div 1929) Walter Glawe (Berlin 18 Jul 1880-10 Aug 1967); m.2d Schloß Hirschberg 20 Aug 1929 Heinrich Köhler (Hannover 5 Apr 1878-Gauting 27 Jan 1945)

2b) Irene Ottilie Malvine Marie (Hanau 7 Mar 1888-Frankfurt 11 Jul 1982); m.1st Varzin 14 Oct 1908 (div 1931) Herbert Gf von Einsiedel (Creba 13 Aug 1885-Göttingen 15 Jul 1945); m.2d Varzin 29 Jun 1935 (div 1944) Horst von Petersdorff (Posen 30 Dec 1892-Prien am Chiemsee 12 Jul 1962)

3b) Dorothee Sibylle Katharina (Hannover 9 Dec 1892-Berlin 14 Jul 1975); m.1st Varzin 1919 (div 1920) Reinhold Gf Rehbinder (Reval 14 Jan 1888-6 Oct 1962); m.2d Berlin 24 Sep 1927 Wilhelm Friedrich von Loewenfeld (Spandau 25 Sep 1879-Schleswig 6 Jul 1946)

4b) Wilhelm Nikolaus Otto Oskar (Königsberg 26 May 1896-Berlin 20 Jan 1940); m.1st Hohenholz 3 Apr 1919 (div 1932) Brigitte Frn von Eickstedt-Peterswaldt (Hohenholz 4 Mar 1897-Aumühle 6 May 1980); m.2d Stein 31 Jan 1933 Elisabeth Gfn von Faber-Castell (Stein 15 Jan 1899-Gmunden 11 Feb 1986)

1c) Wilhelm Rule Otto Ernst (Berlin 4 Mar 1920-Santiago, Chile 1 Dec 1991); m.Santiago 31 May 1972 Olga Hunéeus Cox (b.Santiago 28 Jan 1917)

2c) Beatrix Asta Johanna (Varzin 20 Jun 1921-Possenhofen 20 Oct 2006); m.1st Berleburg 28 Mar 1945 (div 1951) Christian Heinrich Fst zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein (Berleburg 20 Sep 1908-Schwarzenau 17 Aug 1983); m.2d Munich 11 Oct 1961 Kai von Mengersen (Munich 28 Sep 1928-Possenhofen 28 Apr 1975)

 

THE DUCAL HOUSE OF BLACAS d'AULPS
PIERRE-LOUIS Jean Casimir de Blacas d'Aulps, cr Duc d'Aulps 1821, cr Fürst v.Aulps 1837 (Vérignon 12 Jan 1771-Vienna 17 Nov 1839); m.London 22 Apr 1814 Henriette Marie du Bouchet de Sourches de Montsoreau (Paris 20 Feb 1780-Paris 10 Oct 1856)

1a) LOUIS Charles Pierre Casimir Pr et Duc de Blacas (London 15 Apr 1815-Venice 10 Feb 1866); m.1st Paris 18 Sep 1845 Marie de Pérusse des Cars (Paris 3 Feb 1827-Pau 18 Sep 1855); m.2d Paris 28 Jul 1863 Alix de Damas (Paris 13 sep 1824-La Roussière 4 Feb 1879)

1b) Pierre Marie François CASIMIR Pr et Duc de Blacas (23 Oct 1847-26 Jul 1866)

2b) Louise-Henriette-Marie-Josephine (7 Jul 1849-Feb 1934); m.10 Apr 1872 Guillaume Raoul Marie Rene Hurault Comte de Vibraye (6 Aug 1842- )

3b) Marie Auguste Yvonne (Paris 2 Jan 1851-Alt-Aussee 21 Oct 1881); m.Paris 14 Jun 1870 Alexander Fst zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (Paris 14 Jul 1847-Hachenburg 12 Aug 1940)

4b) Guy Marie PIERRE Pr et Duc de Blacas (Paris 27 May 1853-Beaupréau 13 Dec 1937); m.Paris 30 Aug 1884 Honorine de Durfort-Civrac (Beaupréau 26 Nov 1855-Beaupréau 1 Jun 1920)

1c) STANISLAS Pr et Duc de Blacas (Beaupréau 7 Oct 1885-Beaupréau 30 Apr 1941); m.Paris 27 Jan 1913 Marguerite Pss de La Trémoille (Paris 5 Dec 1894-Beaupréau 23 Sep 1939)

1d) PIERRE Théodule Louis Marie Henri Pr et Duc de Blacas (Beaupréau 3 Nov 1913- Beaupréau 29 Aug 1997); m.Paris 25 Mar 1942 Hélène de Blacas d'Aulps (Paris 13 Mar 1921-Cholet 25 Apr 2005)

1e) CASIMIR Marie Bertrand Michel Pr et Duc de Blacas (b.Ussé 15 Feb 1943); m.Paris 4 Jun 1974 Caroline Marie-Hélène de Forton (b.Paris 28 Apr 1948)

1f) Béatrix Marie Hélène (b.Paris 31 Jul 1979); m.Rigny-Ussé 15 Oct 2005 (rel) Bruges 25 Oct 2005 Ct Alexis van Limburg Stirum (b.Ixelles 5 May 1973)

2f) Louis-Stanislas Marie Bertrand, Marquis de Blacas (b.Paris 20 May 1982)

3f) Hortense Marie Geneviève (b.Paris 25 Jan 1986)

2e) Alexandre Marie Guy (Rigny-Ussé 20 Dec 1944-Tours 30 Jan 2003); m.1st Paris 25 Aug 1979 (div 1987) Yseult Mathilde Gabrielle Boulay de La Meurthe (b.Casablanca 19 Apr 1956); m.2d Trégon 13 Aug 1988 Christine du Breil de Pontbriand (Neuilly 4 Apr 1948-Trégon 12 Jul 2001)

1f) Marguerite Marie Aliette (b.Boulogne-Billancourt 11 Feb 1980)
2f) Diane Marie Charlotte (b.Boulogne-Billancourt 10 Dec 1981)

5b) Marie Thérèse Paule (Vérignon 22 Jul 1864-Aulps 8 Feb 1959)

2a) Pie-Pierre-Marie Hippolyte (24 Jul 1816-20 Mar 1892)

3a) Stanislas-Pierre-Joseph-Yves-Marie (5 Nov 1818-18 Mar 1867)

4a) Etienne Armand Pierre Marie François Xavier Cte de Blacas d'Aulps (Rome 24 Nov 1819-Paris 5 Feb 1876); m.Paris 3 Apr 1849 Félicie de Chastellux (Paris 28 Apr 1830-Paris 4 Apr 1897)

1b) Béatrix Henriette Marie (Paris 7 Jun 1850-Paris 15 Feb 1945); m.Paris 8 Aug 1876 Alard Cte de La Roche-Aymon (8 Dec 1845-Paris 11 Jul 1914)

2b) Bertrand Louis Pierre Marie (Paris 14 Mar 1852-Ussé 21 Jan 1940); m.1st Paris 25 Sep 1879 Louise de Beauvau-Craon (Paris 25 Feb 1861-Ussé 16 Nov 1885); m.2d Paris 4 Apr 1888 Marie Eugénie de Mun (Seine-Port [or, Sainte-Assise 25 Oct 1869-Paris 24 Apr 1931)

1c) Louis Marc François Xavier (Ussé 13 Nov 1885-Ussé 30 Mar 1970); m.Ussé 25 Jun 1918 Aliette de Dreux-Brézé (St.-Germain-en-Laye 15 Aug 1889-Ussé 5 Nov 1975)

1d) Hélène Louise Marie (Paris 13 Mar 1921-Apr 2005); m.Paris 25 Mar 1942 Pierre Pr et Duc de Blacas (above)

2d) Bertrand Marie Louis François Martin Michel (Paris 19 Nov 1922-Ussé 3 May 1955)

2c) Félicie (Paris 10 Nov 1890-Lantilly 16 May 1972); m.1st Paris 1 May 1911 Guillaume Cte d'Harcourt (Paris 19 Jan 1888-k.a.Guignicourt 1 Dec 1917); m.2d Paris 27 Jul 1920 Joseph Marquis de Virieu (Paris 1 Dec 1885-Lantilly 14 Jan 1967)

 

THE PRINCELY HOUSE OF BLÜCHER von WAHLSTATT
Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Fürst von Wahlstatt (German pronunciation: [ɡɛphaɐt lebəʁɛçt fɔn blyçɐ]; December 16, 1742 - September 12, 1819), Graf (Count), later elevated to Fürst (Prince) von Wahlstatt, was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal) who led his army against Napoleon I at the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 with the Duke of Wellington. He is honoured with a bust in the German Walhalla temple near Regensburg. The honorary citizen of Berlin, Hamburg and Rostock bore the nickname "Marschall Vorwärts" ("Marshal Forwards!") because of his approach to warfare. There is a German idiom to this day, "ran wie Blücher" ("on it like Blücher"), meaning that someone is taking very direct and aggressive action, in war or otherwise.



The Genealogy of The Princely House
GEBHARDT LEBRECHT von Blücher, cr 1814 Fürst Blücher von Wahlstatt (Rostock 16 Dec 1742-Krieblowitz, Silesia 12 Nov 1819); m.1st 21 Jun 1773 Karoline Amalie Frn von Mehling (d.17 Jun 1791); m.2d Aurich 19 Jul 1795 Amalie von Colomb (23 Oct 1772-Berlin 16 Apr 1850)

1a) Franz, cr 1814 Gf Blücher von Wahlstatt (1777-10 Oct 1829); m.Bernhardine von Sass (d.1806)

1b) GEBHARD Bernhard Carl, cr 1861 Fürst Blücher von Wahlstatt (Münster 14 Jul 1799-8 Mar 1875); m.29 Oct 1832 Maria Nepomucena Pedra de Alcantara Charitas Gfn Larisch v.Moennich (3 Dec 1801-Venice 6 Mar 1889)

1c) GEBHARD LEBRECHT Fst Blücher von Wahlstatt (Radun 18 Mar 1836-Krieblowitz 12 Jul 1916); m.1st Prague 2 Oct 1860 Marie Pss von Lobkowicz (Eisenberg 18 Jul 1841-Rome 7 Oct 1870); m.2d 27 Jul 1889 Elisabeth Gfn von Perponcher-Sedlnitzky (4 Sep 1858-31 Mar 1894); m.3d St.Petersburg 6 May 1895 Wanda Pss Radziwill (Posen 30 Jan 1877-Havilland Hall, Guernsey 9 Aug 1966)

1d) Marie Ferdinandine Leopoldine Felicia Maria (Radun 20 Oct 1862- )

2d) Karoline Marie Anna Melanie (Radun 29 Dec 1863-Peterwitz 31 Dec 1943); m.Radun 22 Aug 1882 Ludwig Gf Strachwitz v.Groß-Zauche u.Camminetz (Falkenberg 17 Jun 1858-Peterwitz 6 Jun 1928)

3d) GEBHARD Lebrecht Fst Blücher von Wahlstatt (Radun 9 Jul 1865-Boscombe- Bournemouth 19 Aug 1931); m.London 20 Aug 1907 Evelyn Stapleton-Bretherton (Brighton 10 Sep 1876-Worthing 20 Jan 1960)

4d) GUSTAV Gebhard Franz Fst Blücher von Wahlstatt (Radun 29 Aug 1866-Schönberg 25 Aug 1945)

5d) Ferdinand (Stauding 11 Jan 1868-New York 10 Feb 1892); m.Milwaukee 19 Jul 1891 Alma Loeb (New York 4 May 1871-19__)

6d) Lothar Wilhelm Gebhard (Herm, Channel Islands 20 Apr 1890-Arosa, Switzerland 3 Apr 1928); m.Vienna 11 Jan 1913 Ludowika Pss Radziwill (Berlin 5 Apr 1876-Havilland Hall, Guernsey 21 Jun 1966)

1e) HUGO Nikolaus Gebhard Fst Blücher von Wahlstatt (London 12 Oct 1913-Havilland Hall, Guernsey 6 Jan 1948)

2e) Nikolaus Karl Johann (London 14 May 1915-k.a.Batna, North Africa 23 May 1943)

3e) ALEXANDER Wilhelm Philipp Fst Blücher von Wahlstatt (Guernsey 16 Jun 1916-17 Sep 1974); m.Havilland Hall 9 Sep 1969 Denise Lines-Roberts (d.Cape Town 12 May 1974)

7d) Gebhardine Antoinette Marie (Radun 18 May 1893-19__); m.Schloß Kampehl 8 Apr 1920 Ulrich von Schimony-Schimonsky (Stöblau 11 Apr 1887-20 Nov 1943)

8d) Elisabeth Luise Gabriele (Insel Herm 11 Mar 1897-Guernsey 21 Jun 1966)

9d) Wanda (Radun 24 Feb 1898-murdered by burglar in Breslau 25/26 Oct 1945); m.Neustadt-Dosse 7 Apr 1920 Herbert von Schimony-Schimonsky (Stöblau 10 Oct 1891-murdered with his wife)

10d) Hubert Nikolaus Ernst Gebhard (Radun 19 Sep 1902-Troppau 13 May 1945); m.Berlin 19 Aug 1931 Ursula von Siemens (Kingston-upon-Thames 25 Aug 1906-1980)

1e) NIKOLAUS Gebhard Fst Blücher von Wahlstatt (b.Munich 25 Jul 1932); m.Reinscheid 20 Apr 1955 Ursula Gromann (b.Essen 4 Nov 1929)

1f) Livia Irene (b.Kiel 8 Oct 1955)

2f) Lukas Friedrich Gebhard (b.Kiel 29 May 1956); m.Saint-Martin, Guernsey 1 Sep 1996 Patricia Baronesse v. Fircks (b.Grafing 9 Feb 1967)

2e) Irene Gabriele (Guernsey 8 Aug 1934-Guernsey 8 Aug 1954)

3e) Sibylle Magdalene (Munich 21 May 1937-Munich 25 May 1994)

2c) Gustav Gebhard Lebrecht (13 Jul 1837-28 Feb 1881)

2b) Gustav Octavius Heinrich (3 Aug 1800-3 Jan 1866); m.Florence 23 Sep 1828 Madeline Dallas (d.19 Mar 1870)

1c) Justina (26 Jun 1829-Baden-Baden 4 Jan 1854); m.Baden-Baden 13 Aug 1853 Maximilian Gf von Schmettow (Brauchitschdorf 15 Oct 1824-Brauchitschdorf 12 Sep 1886)

2a) Friedrich Gebhardt, cr 1814 Gf Blücher von Wahlstatt (1780-14 Jan 1834); m.1809 Elisabeth von Conring (Aurich 2 Aug 1791-Breslau 25 Feb 1842)

3a) Bernhardine Friederike (4 Mar 1786-14 Mar 1870); m.1st 1806 Adolf Ernst Gf von der Schulenburg (d.1813); m.2d 14 Jan 1814 Maximilian Gf von der Asseburg (d.1851)


THE PRINCELY HOUSE OF BONCOMPAGNI-LUDOVISI
The members of this family bear the title Prince or Princess
Boncompagni-Ludovisi, with the predicate Don or Donna.

Descended from Boncompagno, who with his brothers Paolo and Federico joined the First Crusade in 1097; Rodolfo, son of Boncompagno, was Lord of Assisi in 1133, and ancestor of Rinaldo, Duke of Spoleto, and Nicolò, Bishop of Assisi (1304). Resident in Visso 1133 and Bologna by 1243. Bante and Apollonio were cr Counts of Rocca Macereto (Visse) 2 May 1401 by Pope Boniface IX. Cristoforo, m to Angela Marescalchi, was father of Ugo (b 1502) elected Pope Gregory XIII (1572-1585). His legitimated son Jacopo, Marquess of Vignola (1578), Duke of Sora (1580), Duke of Arce (1583), Patrician of Venice (1573), Lord of Arpino, Aquino, Roccasecca etc., m Costanza Sforza, dau of Sforza Sforza Sovereign Count of S. Fiora. Gregorio II Boncompagni, Duke of Sora and Arce, Marquess of Vignola etc. (1642-1707) m 1681 Ippolita Ludovisi, heiress of the Ludovisi family and of the Sovereign Principality of Piombino, and the Lordship of the island of Elba (by matrimonial pact the descendants all have the name Boncompagni Ludovisi). [Elba, Piombino and Populonia, acquired by the family of Appiani 1399; Piombino and Elba erected into an immediate fief of the Empire 8 Nov 1509, this fief inherited by Nicolò Ludovisi by right of his wife Polyxena Mendoza, dau of Isabella Appiani, invested by the Emperor 24 Mar 1634 (against a payment of 1,050,000 florins), and confirmed by Imperial Patent 21 Apr 1634, and 8 Nov 1638, with the Marquesate of Populonia, and of the titles Prince of Venosa (inherited from the Gesualdi family 16 May 1658), Count of Conza etc. great-niece of Alessandro Ludovisi, elected Pope Gregory XV (1621-1623).] The right of sub-investiture of Piombino granted to the King of Spain 1713, who ceded this right to the King of Naples 1736 (with the obligation to return this right to the Emperor). Gaetano Boncompagni-Ludovisi, 3rd Prince of Piombino and of the H.R.E. was cr Grandee of Spain (attached to title of Prince of Piombino) 18 Oct 1739, and Grandee of Spain attached to the Dukedom of Sora 18 Mar 1739 & 24 Mar 1777; used the title of Serene Highness. Sovereignty of Piombino and Elba lost in 1797, ceded by the King of Naples to the Kingdom of Etruria 28 Mar 1801, later incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Tuscany invested on Elisa Bonaparte. Piombino returned to Principe Luigi Boncompagni Ludovisi by the Congress of Vienna 1815 but subsequently ceded to the Grand Duke of Tuscany. The Congress of Vienna (art. 100 of the final Act) reserved for him and his heirs the title of Prince of Piombino. Duke of Monterotondo, Rome 1814, Roman Prince and Noble of Rome coscritto 1854; Don and Donna for all descendants. Titles of Prince of the HRE (primog) and Prince and Princess for all descendants (mf), Prince of Piombino (mpg), Duke of Sora and of Arce, Duke of Monterotondo, Marquess of Populonia, Marquess of Vignola and Count of Conza (all mpg), Patrician fo Venice (mf), Noble of Rome (mf), Coscritto (primog), Noble and Patrician of Naples (m), Patrician of Ravenna (m), Patrician of Bologna (m), Patrician of Orvieto (mf), Noble of Jesi (mf), recognized by the Kingdom of Italy, 7 Mar 1900, Noble of Rieti (mf) recog Italy 3 Mar 1901, Prince of Venosa (mpg), recog 31 May 1931.

The Genealogy of The Princely House

Pr Don RODOLFO Pr Boncompagni-Ludovisi, Pr di Piombino (Rome 6 Feb 1832-Rome 12 Dec 1911); m.Rome 31 May 1854 Donna Agnese Borghese (Rome 5 May 1836-Rome 22 Mar 1920)

1a) UGO Maria, Duca di Sora (Rome 8 May 1856-Rome 9 Nov 1935); m.1st Rome 7 Oct 1877 Donna Vittoria Patrizi-Naro-Montoro (Rome 27 Apr 1857-Paris 22 Jan 1883); m.2d Rome 6 Jul 1884 Donna Laura Altieri (Rome 29 Jan 1858-Rome 4 May 1892)

1b) Guendalina (Rome 26 Nov 1878-Genoa 25 Nov 1951); m.Rome 25 Nov 1897 Marchese Antonio Malvezzi Campeggi (Bologna 13 Aug 1870-Bologna 8 Apr 1900)

2b) Guglielma (Villa La Quiete, Foligno 4 Jul 1881-Rome 2 May 1973); m.Villa La Quiete 24 Oct 1900 Pompeo Cte di Campello (Rome 22 Dec 1874-Campello 6 Oct 1927)

3b) Eleonora (Rome 25 Apr 1885-Rome 3 Mar 1959)

4b) FRANCESCO Antonio Maria Pr Boncompagni-Ludovisi, Pr di Piombino (Villa La Quiete 20 Oct 1886- Rome 7 Jun 1955); m.Rome 20 Feb 1908 Nicoletta Prinetti Castelletti (Rome 19 Mar 1891-Rome 2 Mar 1931)

1c) Laura Boncompagni-Ludovisi (Rome 29 Nov 1908-Rome 13 Feb 1975); m.1st Rome 11 Jun 1925 (div 1935) Annibale Cte Brandolini d'Adda (Venice 9 Jan 1899-Brusson 21 May 1961); m.2d Spezia 7 Mar 1936 Mario Piroddi (Lanusei 28 Dec 1898-Rome 30 Jul 1965)

2c) GREGORIO Pr Boncompagni-Ludovisi Pr di Piombino, Duca di Sora, etc (Rome 28 Jun 1910- Rome 8 Feb 1988); m.Rome 12 Apr 1939 Bonacossa Aliotti (Paris 12 Dec 1908-Rome 21 Dec 1995)

1d) NICOLÒ Francesco Pr Boncompagni-Ludovisi, Pr di Piombino, Duca di Sora, etc (b.Rome 21 Jan 1941); m.1st Rome 8 Jul 1964 (annulled 1989) Donna Benedetta Barberini Colonna di Sciarra (b.Rome 3 May 1943); m.2d Riano, Rome 20 Apr 1992 Ludmilla Sisova Denisovitch (b.Baku 8 Dec 1953)

1e) Francesco Maria, Duca di Sora (b.Geneva 29 Jun 1965); m.Rome 14 Oct 1995 Marchesa Violante Gonzaga (b.Rome 21 Aug 1970)

1f) Lavinia Maria (b.Rome 7 Sep 1996)

2f) Gregorio (b.Rome 24 Dec 1997)

2e) Ignazio Maria (b.Geneva 12 Feb 1967); m.Rome 19 Jul 1997 Giaia Bulgari

1f) Maria (b.London 23 Mar 1998)

2f) Costanza Maria (b.London 7 Feb 2000)

3f) Jacopo (b.Milan 18 Dec 2003)

3e) Bante Maria (b.Geneva 8 Oct 1970); m.1st 1997 (div 1998) Cristina Crociani; m.2d 2005 Delphina Lapham

3c) Giulia Boncompagni-Ludovisi (Rome 6 Mar 1914-Rome 19 May 1996); m.Rome 11 Jun 1932 Pr Giovanni Boncompagni-Ludovisi (Florence 25 Mar 1911-Florence 30 Jan 1964)

4c) Alberico, Pr di Venosa (b.Rome 14 Feb 1918); m.Rome 7 Jul 1941 (div 1982) Letitia dei Conti Pecci-Blunt (b.Paris 6 May 1920)

1d) Francesca Eleonora Cosima (b.Lausanne 6 Feb 1943); m.Rome 14 Apr 1966 Piero Marchese Antinori (b.Florence 15 Jul 1938)

5b) Teresa (Rome 24 Jan 1889-Rome 1 May 1969); m.1st Rome 4 Apr 1910 Sigismundo Giustiniani Bandini, Viscount Kynnaird, Duca di Mondragone (Rome 20 Jun 1886-Abbadia di Fiatsra 4 Nov 1918); m.2d Florence 25 Aug 1921 Franz Ambro de Adamocz (Castel Gandolfo 26 Aug 1890-Rome 19__)

2a) Luigi Maria (Rome 21 Jun 1857-Rome 22 Jul 1928); m.Florence 24 Oct 1881 Isabella Rondinelli-Vitelli Marchesa di Bucine (Florence 17 Oct 1861-Rome 23 Oct 1957)

1b) Andrea Pr Boncompagni-Ludovisi-Rondinelli-Vitelli Marchese di Bucine (Rome 3 Feb 1884-Montreux 10 Dec 1948); m.1st Washington 25 Oct 1916 (annulled 1924) Margaret Preston Draper (Boston 18 Mar 1891- Washington 1973); m.2d Abbazia 4 Dec 1924 Alice Blanceflor Bildt (Siena 1 Sep 1891-Rome 9 Jun 1972)

2b) Paolo (Rome 19 Dec 1886-Fontesegale 16 Apr 1960); m.Florence 17 Apr 1910 Stefania Bourbon del Monte dei Marchesi del Monte Santa Maria (Florence 15 Jan 1888-Florence 4 May 1984)

1c) Giovanni Battista Maria (Florence 25 Mar 1911-Florence 30 Jan 1964); m.Rome 11 Jun 1932 Giulia Pssa Boncompagni-Ludovisi (above)

1d) Nicoletta (b.Rome 13 Apr 1933); m.Rome 6 Jun 1954 (div 1971) Raimondo Marchese Marini Clarelli (b.Rome 18 Oct 1925)

2d) Luigi (b.Rome 20 Jul 1934); m.Rome 29 Apr 1965 Orietta Orefici

2c) Imperia Maria (Florence 25 Jun 1912-Bagnoregio nr Viterbo 5 Feb 2003); m.Villa Pozzo, Santa Maria a Monte 27 Oct 1938 Giuseppe dei Marchesi Gavotti (Turin 23 Nov 1914-Rome 31 May 1988)

3c) Ippolita Maria (Florence 25 Jul 1916-Trevinano 28 Jul 2001); m.Schivanoia 20 Nov 1947 Antonio Cte Naselli dei Duchi di Gela (Palermo 6 Dec 1903-Acquapendente 28 Jul 1961)

4c) Guido Maria (b.Florence 12 Nov 1917); m.Pernumia 19 Feb 1944 (div) Bonacolsa Marchesa e Contessa Bonacossi (b.Padua 5 Nov 1921)

1d) Andrea (b.Florence 26 Nov 1944); m.Florence 31 Oct 1973 Laura Mazzuoli

1e) Francesco Guido Marino (b.Florence 15 Dec 1977)

5c) Jumara Costanza Maria (b.Florence 25 May 1919); m.Florence 22 Feb 1940 Franco Zeloni (Maslianico 29 Dec 1910-Florence 23 Feb 1985)

6c) Agnese (Florence 5 Feb 1921-Boncompagni Castel, Trevinano di Acquapendente, near Viterbo25 Aug 2003); m.Schivanoia Citerna 12 Nov 1945 Rodolfo Borgianni (Florence 24 May 1920-Florence 5 Nov 1968)

7c) Arimberto (b.Florence 22 Mar 1925); m.1st Padua 10 Jan 1946 (annulled 1971) Maria Silvia Ancillotto (b.Santa Lucia di Piave 23 Dec 1926); m.2d Florence 26 Feb 1972 Rosa Tosto (b.Catania 16 Jul 1926)

1d) Paolo Francesco Maria (b.Rome 25 Oct 1947); m.Rome 24 Jun 1971 Donna Angela Maria Altemps (Rome 2 Apr 19__-Rome 6 Feb 1993)

1e) Alessandrojacopo-Dragone Marco Sittico Luigi Boncompagno Arimberto Maria Altemps (b.Rome 30 Apr 1972)

2d) Lodovico

4b) Lodovico (Florence 16 Feb 1890-Florence 23 Feb 1966)

5b) Baldassare (Rome 30 Oct 1900-Panicale 29 Apr 1973); m.1st Rome 12 Jan 1927 (div 1949) Alba Gath (Florence 18 May 1897-Florence 22 Nov 1983); m.2d Florence Dec 1949 Nobila Anna Cocchi (Florence 30 Jan 1907-Florence 15 Jan 1979)

3a) Guendolina (Rome 17 Jul 1859-19 Dec 1942); m.Rome 23 Apr 1879 Giovanni Battista Marchese Cattaneo della Votta (d.2 Sep 1897)

4a) Maria Maddalena (Rome 23 Apr 1861-11 Apr 1948)

5a) Giuseppe Maria (Rome 22 Mar 1865-Rome 9 May 1930); m.Rome 15 Jan 1891 Arduina San Martino Valperga dei Conti di Torre di Bairo (Turin 14 Oct 1868-Rome 25 May 1963)

1b) Rosalia (Rome 26 Feb 1893-Rome 27 Feb 1977); m.Rome 26 Dec 1918 Georg Skouses (Athens 24 Jan 1891-Lausanne 25 Jul 1973)

2b) Boncompagno (Rome 25 Oct 1896-New York 3 May 1988); m.1st Milan 14 Jun 1917 (div 1947) Carla Borromeo (b.Milan 22 Jun 1897); m.2d Reno, Nevada 29 Nov 1947 Selma Borger (Vienna 25 Sep 1901-New York 1989)

1c) Anna (9 Oct 1923-30 Dec 1946)

6a) Maria (Rome 10 Mar 1869-Rome 9 Jan 1946); m.Rome 24 Oct 1888 Francesco Duca Caffarelli, Duca d'Assergi (Rome 2 Feb 1865-Rome 28 Dec 1962)

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